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AfghanistanKABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)
AlbaniaTIRANA (capital) 419,000 (2011)
AlgeriaALGIERS (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 783,000 (2011)
American SamoaPAGO PAGO (capital) 64,000 (2011)
AndorraANDORRA LA VELLA (capital) 23,000 (2011)
AngolaLUANDA (capital) 5.068 million; Huambo 1.098 million (2011)
AnguillaTHE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Antigua and BarbudaSAINT JOHN'S (capital) 27,000 (2011)
ArgentinaBUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000 (2011)
ArmeniaYEREVAN (capital) 1.116 million (2011)
ArubaORANJESTAD (capital) 37,000 (2011)
AustraliaSydney 4.543 million; Melbourne 3.961 million; Brisbane 2.039 million; Perth 1.649 million; Adelaide 1.198 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 (2011)
AustriaVIENNA (capital) 1.72 million (2011)
AzerbaijanBAKU (capital) 2.123 million (2011)
Bahamas, TheNASSAU (capital) 254,000 (2011)
BahrainMANAMA (capital) 262,000 (2011)
BangladeshDHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 5.239 million; Khulna 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000 (2011)
BarbadosBRIDGETOWN (capital) 122,000 (2011)
BelarusMINSK (capital) 1.861 million (2011)
BelgiumBRUSSELS (capital) 1.949 million; Antwerp 959,000 (2011)
BelizeBELMOPAN (capital) 14,000 (2011)
BeninCOTONOU (seat of government) 924,000; PORTO-NOVO (capital) 314,000 (2011)
BermudaHAMILTON (capital) 11,000 (2011)
BhutanTHIMPHU (capital) 99,000 (2011)
BoliviaSanta Cruz 1.719 million; LA PAZ (capital) 1.715 million; Sucre (constitutional capital) 307,000 (2011)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSARAJEVO (capital) 389,000 (2011)
BotswanaGABORONE (capital) 202,000 (2011)
BrazilSao Paulo 19.924 million; Rio de Janeiro 11.96 million; Belo Horizonte 5.487 million; Porto Alegre 3.933 million; Recife 3.733 million; BRASILIA (capital) 3.813 million (2011)
British Virgin IslandsROAD TOWN (capital) 10,000 (2011)
BruneiBANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 241,000
note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold (2011)
BulgariaSOFIA (capital) 1.174 million (2011)
Burkina FasoOUAGADOUGOU (capital) 2.053 million (2011)
BurmaRANGOON (capital) 4.457 million; Mandalay 1.063 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.06 million (2011)
BurundiBUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000 (2011)
CambodiaPHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)
CameroonDouala 2.449 million; YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million (2011)
CanadaToronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011)
Cape VerdePRAIA (capital) 132,000 (2011)
Cayman IslandsGEORGE TOWN (capital) 28,000 (2011)
Central African RepublicBANGUI (capital) 740,000 (2011)
ChadN'DJAMENA (capital) 1.079 million (2011)
ChileSANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)
ChinaShanghai 20.208 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Guangzhou 10.849 million; Shenzhen 10.63 million; Chongqing 9.977 million; Wuhan 9.158 million (2011)
ColombiaBOGOTA (capital) 8.743 million; Medellin 3.694 million; Cali 2.453 million; Barranquilla 1.9 million; Bucaramanga 1.12 million; Cartagena 988,000 (2011)
ComorosMORONI (capital) 54,000 (2011)
Congo, Democratic Republic of theKINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.556 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.504 million; Kananga 888,000; Kisangani 820,000 (2011)
Congo, Republic of theBRAZZAVILLE (capital) 1.611 million; Pointe-Noire 834,000 (2011)
Costa RicaSAN JOSE (capital) 1.515 million (2011)
Cote d'IvoireABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.288 million; YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 966,000 (2011)
CroatiaZAGREB (capital) 686,000 (2011)
CubaHAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)
CyprusNICOSIA (capital) 253,000 (2011)
Czech RepublicPRAGUE (capital) 1.276 million (2011)
DenmarkCOPENHAGEN (capital) 1.206 million (2011)
DjiboutiDJIBOUTI (capital) 496,000 (2011)
DominicaROSEAU (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Dominican RepublicSANTO DOMINGO (capital) 2.191 million (2011)
East TimorDILI (capital) 180,000 (2011)
EcuadorGuayaquil 2.287 million; QUITO (capital) 1.622 million (2011)
EgyptCAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.494 million (2011)
El SalvadorSAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million (2011)
Equatorial GuineaMALABO (capital) 137,000 (2011)
EritreaASMARA (capital) 712,000 (2011)
EstoniaTALLINN (capital) 400,000 (2011)
EthiopiaADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.979 million (2011)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)STANLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Faroe IslandsTORSHAVN (capital) 20,000 (2011)
FijiSUVA (capital) 177,000 (2011)
FinlandHELSINKI (capital) 1.134 million (2011)
FrancePARIS (capital) 10.62 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 14,890,100; Lyon 1.488 million; Lille 1.042 million; Nice-Cannes 991,000; Toulouse 933,000 (2011)
French PolynesiaPAPEETE (capital) 137,000 (2011)
GabonLIBREVILLE (capital) 686,000 (2011)
Gambia, TheBANJUL (capital) 506,000 (2011)
GeorgiaTBILISI (capital) 1.121 million (2011)
GermanyBERLIN (capital) 3.462 million; Hamburg 1.796 million; Munich 1.364 million; Cologne 1.006 million (2011)
GhanaACCRA (capital) 2.573 million; Kumasi 2.019 million (2011)
GreeceATHENS (capital) 3.414 million; Thessaloniki 883,000 (2011)
GreenlandNUUK (capital) 16,000 (2011)
GrenadaSAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 41,000 (2011)
GuamHAGATNA (capital) 169,000 (2011)
GuatemalaGUATEMALA CITY (capital) 1.168 million (2011)
GuineaCONAKRY (capital) 1.786 million (2011)
Guinea-BissauBISSAU (capital) 423,000 (2011)
GuyanaGEORGETOWN (capital) 127,000 (2011)
HaitiPORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.207 million (2011)
HondurasTEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.088 million (2011)
HungaryBUDAPEST (capital) 1.737 million (2011)
IcelandREYKJAVIK (capital) 206,000 (2011)
IndiaNEW DELHI (capital) 22.654 million; Mumbai 19.744 million; Kolkata 14.402 million; Chennai 8.784 million; Bangalore 8.614 million; Hyderabad 7.837 million (2011)
IndonesiaJAKARTA (capital) 9.769 million; Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million (2011)
IranTEHRAN (capital) 7.304 million; Mashhad 2.713 million; Esfahan 1.781 million; Karaj 1.635 million; Tabriz 1.509 million; Shiraz 1.321 million (2011)
IraqBAGHDAD (capital) 6.036 million; Mosul 1.494 million; Erbil 1.039 million; Basra 942,000; As Sulaymaniyah 867,000; Najaf 779,000 (2011)
IrelandDUBLIN (capital) 1.121 million (2011)
Isle of ManDOUGLAS (capital) 27,000 (2011)
IsraelTel Aviv-Yafo 3.381 million; Haifa 1.054 million; JERUSALEM (capital) 791,000 (2009)
ItalyROME (capital) 3.298 million; Milan 2.909 million; Naples 2.373 million; Turin 1.613 million; Palermo 915,000; Bergamo 784,000 (2011)
JamaicaKINGSTON (capital) 571,000 (2011)
JapanTOKYO (capital) 37.217 million; Osaka-Kobe 11.494 million; Nagoya 3.328 million; Fukuoka-Kitakyushu 2.868 million; Sapporo 2.742 million; Sendai 2.428 million (2011)
JordanAMMAN (capital) 1.179 million (2011)
KazakhstanAlmaty 1.426 million; ASTANA (capital) 664,000 (2011)
KenyaNAIROBI (capital) 3.363 million; Mombassa 972,000 (2011)
KiribatiTARAWA (capital) 44,000 (2011)
Korea, NorthPYONGYANG (capital) 2.843 million (2011)
Korea, SouthSEOUL (capital) 9.736 million; Busan (Pusan) 3.372 million; Incheon (Inch'on) 2.622 million; Daegu (Taegu) 2.447 million; Daejon (Taejon) 1.538 million; Gwangju (Kwangju) 1.503 million (2011)
KuwaitKUWAIT (capital) 2.406 million (2011)
KyrgyzstanBISHKEK (capital) 839,000 (2011)
LaosVIENTIANE (capital) 810,000 (2011)
LatviaRIGA (capital) 701,000 (2011)
LebanonBEIRUT (capital) 2.022 million (2011)
LesothoMASERU (capital) 239,000 (2011)
LiberiaMONROVIA (capital) 750,000 (2011)
LibyaTRIPOLI (capital) 1.127 million (2011)
LiechtensteinVADUZ (capital) 5,000 (2011)
LithuaniaVILNIUS (capital) 546,000 (2011)
LuxembourgLUXEMBOURG (capital) 94,000 (2011)
MacedoniaSKOPJE (capital) 499,000 (2011)
MadagascarANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.987 million (2011)
MalawiLILONGWE (capital) 772,000 (2011)
MalaysiaKUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.556 million; Klang 1.19 million; Johor Bahru 1.045 million (2011)
MaldivesMALE (capital) 132,000 (2011)
MaliBAMAKO (capital) 2.037 million (2011)
MaltaVALLETTA (capital) 198,000 (2011)
Marshall IslandsMAJURO (capital) 31,000 (2011)
MauritaniaNOUAKCHOTT (capital) 786,000 (2011)
MauritiusPORT LOUIS (capital) 151,000 (2011)
MexicoMEXICO CITY (capital) 20.446 million; Guadalajara 4.525 million; Monterrey 4.213 million; Puebla 2.335 million; Tijuana 1.82 million; Toluca de Lerdo 1.748 million (2011)
Micronesia, Federated States ofPALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2011)
MoldovaCHISINAU (capital) 677,000 (2011)
MongoliaULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.184 million (2011)
MontenegroPODGORICA (capital) 156,000 (2011)
MoroccoCasablanca 3.046 million; RABAT (capital) 1.843 million; Fes 1.088 million; Marrakech 939,000; Tangier 810,000; Agadir 805,000 (2011)
MozambiqueMAPUTO (capital) 1.15 million; Matola 790,000 (2011)
NamibiaWINDHOEK (capital) 380,000 (2011)
NepalKATHMANDU (capital) 1.015 million (2011)
NetherlandsAMSTERDAM (capital) 1.056 million; Rotterdam 1.014 million; The Hague (seat of government) 635,000 (2011)
New CaledoniaNOUMEA (capital) 157,000 (2011)
New ZealandAuckland 1.452 million; WELLINGTON (capital) 410,000 (2011)
NicaraguaMANAGUA (capital) 970,000 (2011)
NigerNIAMEY (capital) 1.297 million (2011)
NigeriaLagos 11.223 million; Kano 3.375 million; Ibadan 2.949 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.153 million; Port Harcourt 1.894 million; Kaduna 1.524 million (2011)
Northern Mariana IslandsSAIPAN (capital) 56,000 (2011)
NorwayOSLO (capital) 915,000 (2011)
OmanMUSCAT (capital) 743,000 (2011)
PakistanKarachi 13.876 million; Lahore 7.566 million; Faisalabad 3.038 million; Rawalpindi 2.164 million; Multan 1.775 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 919,000 (2011)
PalauMELEKEOK (capital) 1,000 (2011)
PanamaPANAMA CITY (capital) 1.426 million (2011)
Papua New GuineaPORT MORESBY (capital) 343,000 (2011)
ParaguayASUNCION (capital) 2.139 million (2011)
PeruLIMA (capital) 9.13 million; Arequipa 804,000 (2011)
PhilippinesMANILA (capital) 11.862 million; Davao 1.565 million; Cebu City 855,000; Zamboanga 884,000 (2011)
PolandWARSAW (capital) 1.723 million; Krakow 756,000 (2011)
PortugalLISBON (capital) 2.843 million; Porto 1.367 million (2011)
Puerto RicoSAN JUAN (capital) 2.475 million (2011)
QatarDOHA (capital) 567,000 (2011)
RomaniaBUCHAREST (capital) 1.937 million (2011)
RussiaMOSCOW (capital) 11.621 million; Saint Petersburg 4.866 million; Novosibirsk 1.478 million; Yekaterinburg 1.355 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.245 million; Samara 1.166 million (2011)
RwandaKIGALI (capital) 1.004 million (2011)
Saint HelenaJAMESTOWN (capital) 1,000 (2011)
Saint Kitts and NevisBASSETERRE (capital) 12,000 (2011)
Saint LuciaCASTRIES (capital) 21,000 (2011)
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2011)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKINGSTOWN (capital) 31,000 (2011)
SamoaAPIA (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Sao Tome and PrincipeSAO TOME (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Saudi ArabiaRIYADH (capital) 5.451 million; Jeddah 3.578 million; Mecca 1.591 million; Medina 1.142 million; Ad Dammam 941,000 (2011)
SenegalDAKAR (capital) 3.035 million (2011)
SerbiaBELGRADE (capital) 1.135 million (2011)
SeychellesVICTORIA (capital) 27,000 (2011)
Sierra LeoneFREETOWN (capital) 941,000 (2011)
SlovakiaBRATISLAVA (capital) 434,000 (2011)
SloveniaLJUBLJANA (capital) 273,000 (2011)
Solomon IslandsHONIARA (capital) 68,000 (2011)
SomaliaMOGADISHU (capital) 1.554 million (2011)
South AfricaJohannesburg 3.844 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.562 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.357 million; Durban 3.012 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.501 million; Vereeniging 1.2 million; Bloemfontein (judicial capital) 468,000 (2011)
South SudanJUBA (capital) 269,000 (2011)
SpainMADRID (capital) 6.574 million; Barcelona 5.57 million; Valencia 797,000 (2011)
Sri LankaCOLOMBO (capital) 693,000; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) 126,000 (2011)
SudanKHARTOUM (capital) 4.632 million (2011)
SurinamePARAMARIBO (capital) 278,000 (2011)
SwazilandMBABANE (capital) 66,000 (2011)
SwedenSTOCKHOLM (capital) 1.385 million (2011)
SwitzerlandZurich 1.194 million; BERN (capital) 353,000 (2011)
SyriaAleppo 3.164 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.65 million; Hims 1.369 million; Hamah 933,000 (2011)
TajikistanDUSHANBE (capital) 739,000 (2011)
TanzaniaDAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.588 million (2011)
ThailandBANGKOK (capital) 8.426 million; Samut Prakan 1.212 million (2011)
TogoLOME (capital) 1.524 million (2011)
TongaNUKU'ALOFA 25,000 (2011)
Trinidad and TobagoPORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) 66,000 (2011)
TunisiaTUNIS (capital) 790,000 (2011)
TurkeyIstanbul 11.253 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.194 million; Izmir 2.927 million; Bursa 1.713 million; Adana 1.468 million; Gaziantep 1.198 million (2011)
TurkmenistanASHGABAT (capital) 683,000 (2011)
Turks and Caicos IslandsGRAND TURK (capital) 7,000 (2011)
TuvaluFUNAFUTI (capital) 5,000 (2011)
UgandaKAMPALA (capital) 1.659 million (2011)
UkraineKYIV (capital) 2.829 million; Kharkiv 1.451 million; Dnipropetrovsk 994,000; Odesa 1.01 million; Donetsk 959,000; Zaporizhzhya 771,000 (2011)
United Arab EmiratesABU DHABI (capital) 942,000; Dubai 1.978 million; Sharjah 983,000 (2011)
United KingdomLONDON (capital) 9.005 million; Birmingham 2.272 million; Manchester 2.213 million; West Yorkshire 1.625 million; Glasgow 1.137 million; Newcastle upon Tyne 874,000 (2011)
United StatesNew York-Newark 20.352 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 13.395 million; Chicago 9.676 million; Miami 6.061 million; Philadelphia 5.927 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.705 million (2011)
UruguayMONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.672 million (2011)
UzbekistanTASHKENT (capital) 2.227 million (2011)
VanuatuPORT-VILA (capital) 47,000 (2011)
VenezuelaCARACAS (capital) 3.242 million; Maracaibo 2.31 million; Valencia 1.866 million; Barquisimeto 1.245 million; Maracay 1.115 million; Ciudad Guayana 799,000 (2011)
VietnamHo Chi Minh City 6.405 million; HANOI (capital) 2.955 million; Haiphong 925,000; Da Nang 834,000 (2011)
Virgin IslandsCHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) 60,000 (2011)
Wallis and FutunaMATA-UTU (capital) 1,000 (2011)
Western SaharaLaayoune 237,000 (2011)
YemenSANAA (capital) 2.419 million; Aden 784,000 (2011)
ZambiaLUSAKA (capital) 1.802 million (2011)
ZimbabweHARARE (capital) 1.542 million (2011)

Source: CIA Factbook