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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Anthem: 
Location of Turkey
CapitalAnkara
39°55′N32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Binali Yıldırım
İsmail Kahraman
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Successionto the Ottoman Empire
19 May 1919
23 April 1920
13 October 1921
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
Area
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
1.3
Population
• 2017 census
79,814,871[1] (18th)
• Density
102[2]/km2 (264.2/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.082 trillion[3] (13th)
• Per capita
$25,776[3] (45th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$861 billion[3] (17th)
• Per capita
$11,014[3] (60th)
Gini (2013) 40.0[4]
medium · 56th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.761[5]
high · 72nd
CurrencyTurkish lira (TRY)
Time zoneFET(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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