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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
FlagNational emblem[note 1]
Anthem: İstiklal Marşı
"Independence March"
CapitalAnkara
39°55′N32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish
Ethnic groupsNo official estimates (see demographics section)
DemonymTurkish
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
 - PresidentRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
 - Prime MinisterAhmet Davutoğlu
 - Speaker of the ParliamentDeniz Baykal (interim)
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Successionto the Ottoman Empire[note 2]
 - Government of the Grand National Assembly23 April 1920 
 - Treaty of Lausanne24 July 1923 
 - Declaration of Republic29 October 1923 
 - Current constitution7 November 1982 
Area
 - Total783,562 km2 (37th)
302,535 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.3
Population
 - 2014 census77,695,904 [1] (18th)
 - Density101 [1]/km2 (107th)
262/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$1.508 trillion[2] (17th)
 - Per capita$19,610[2] (61st)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$806 billion[2] (18th)
 - Per capita$10,482[2] (66th)
Gini (2013)positive decrease 40.0[3]
medium ·56th
HDI (2013)Increase 0.759[4]
high ·69th
CurrencyTurkish lira (TRY)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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