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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Flag
Anthem: 
CapitalAnkara
39°55′N32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
 • PresidentTayyip Erdoğan
 • Prime MinisterBinali Yıldırım
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Successionto the Ottoman Empire[note 1]
 • Government of the Grand National Assembly23 April 1920 
 • Treaty of Lausanne24 July 1923 
 • Declaration of Republic29 October 1923 
 • Current constitution7 November 1982 
Area
 • Total783,356 km2 (37th)
302,535 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.3
Population
 • 2016 census79,463,663 [1] (18th)
 • Density102 [1]/km2 (107th)
262/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.665 trillion[2] (15th)
 • Per capita$21,198[2] (60th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$751 billion[2] (18th)
 • Per capita$9,562 [2] (62nd)
Gini (2013) 40.0[3]
medium ·56th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.761[4]
high ·72nd
CurrencyTurkish lira (TRY)
Time zone(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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