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Turkey Demographics Profile 2014

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Population81,619,392 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.5% (male 10,660,110/female 10,179,850)
15-24 years: 16.8% (male 6,989,099/female 6,709,480)
25-54 years: 42.9% (male 17,650,790/female 17,358,730)
55-64 years: 8.1% (male 3,289,605/female 3,291,199)
65 years and over: 6.7% (male 2,517,219/female 2,973,310) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 37.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 11.2 %
potential support ratio: 8.9 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.6 years
male: 29.2 years
female: 30 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.12% (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.86 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.12 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 71.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationIstanbul 11.253 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.194 million; Izmir 2.927 million; Bursa 1.713 million; Adana 1.468 million; Gaziantep 1.198 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.3 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.29 years
male: 71.33 years
female: 75.35 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.08 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73% (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1%; note - no country specific models provided (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,600 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.8% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.2% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 75.5% of population
total: 91.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 24.5% of population
total: 8.8% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish
Ethnic groupsTurkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
LanguagesTurkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.1%
male: 97.9%
female: 90.3% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 15 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 321,866
percentage: 3 %
note: data represents children ages 6-14 (2006 est.)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2006)
Maternal mortality rate20 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.5% (2004)
Health expenditures6.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.71 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015

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