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Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossijskaja Federacija
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvenný gimn Rossijskoj Federací"  (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
Russia (dark green)Crimea (disputed, Russian-administered) (light green)a
Russia (dark green)
Crimea (disputed, Russian-administered) (light green)a
Capital
and largest city
Moscow
55°45′N37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617
Official languagesRussian
Ethnic groups (2010[1])
DemonymRussian
GovernmentFederalsemi-presidentialconstitutional republic[2]
 • PresidentVladimir Putin
 • Prime MinisterDmitry Medvedev
 • Chairman of the Federation CouncilValentina Matviyenko
 • Chairman of the State DumaVyacheslav Volodin
LegislatureFederal Assembly
 • Upper houseFederation Council
 • Lower houseState Duma
Formation
 • Arrival of Rurik, considered as a foundation event by the Russian authorities[3]862 
 • Kievan Rus'882 
 • Grand Duchy of Moscow1283 
 • Tsardom of Russia16 January 1547 
 • Russian Empire22 October 1721 
 • Russian SFSR6 November 1917 
 • Soviet Union established
30 December 1922
1 January 1924
5 December 1936
10 October 1977 
 • Sovereignty declared
12 June 1990
19-21 August 1991
12 December 1991
25 December 1991

26 December 1991 
 • Current Constitution12 December 1993 
 • Annexation of Crimea18 March 2014 
Area
 • Total17,075,200 (Crimea not included)[4] km2 (1st)
6,592,800 (Crimea not included) sq mi
 • Water (%)13[5] (including swamps)
Population
 • 2016 estimate144,192,450[6] (Crimea not included) [7] (9th)
 • Density8.4/km2 (217th)
21.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$3.685 trillion (6th)
 • Per capita$25,185 (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.133 trillion (14th)
 • Per capita$7,742[8] (72nd)
Gini (2013)40.1[9]
medium ·83rd
HDI (2014)Increase 0.798[10]
high ·50th
CurrencyRussian ruble (₽) (RUB)
Time zone(UTC+2 to +12)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeRU
Internet TLD
a.The Crimean Peninsula is recognized as territory of Ukraine by a majority of UN member nations, but is de facto administered by Russia.[11]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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