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New Caledonia

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New Caledonia
Nouvelle-Calédonie
Flag of FrancePro-Independence Flag of New Caledonia
Flags of New Caledonia
Motto: "Terre de parole, terre de partage"
"Land of speech, land of sharing"[1]
Anthem: Soyons unis, devenons frères [1]
Emblem of New Caledonia.svg
Emblem
StatusSpecial collectivity
Capital
and largest city
Nouméa
22°16′S166°28′E / 22.267°S 166.467°E / -22.267; 166.467
Official languagesFrench
Recognised regional languages and 35 other native languages
DemonymNew Caledonians
Sovereign state French Republic
GovernmentDependent territory
 • Presidential Head of StateFrançois Hollande
 • President of the Government of New CaledoniaPhilippe Germain
 • High CommissionerThierry Lataste
LegislatureCongress
Special collectivity of France
 • Annexed by France1853 
 • Overseas territory1946 
 • Special collectivity1999 
Area
 • Total18,576 km2 (154th)
7,172 sq mi
Population
 • Aug. 2014 census268,767[2]
 • Density14.5/km2 (200th)
37.6/sq mi
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
 • TotalUS$9.89 billion[3]
 • Per capitaUS$38,921[3]
CurrencyCFP franc (XPF)
Time zoneUTC+11
Drives on theright
Calling code+687
ISO 3166 codeNC
Internet TLD.nc

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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