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United Republic of Tanzania
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili)
"Freedom and Unity"
Anthem: Mungu ibariki Afrika  (Swahili)
God Bless Africa
CapitalDodoma
Largest cityDar es Salaam
Official languages
DemonymTanzanian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentJakaya Kikwete
 - Prime MinisterMizengo Pinda
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
 - Tanganyika9 December 1961 
 - Zanzibar and Pemba10 December 1963 
 - Merger26 April 1964 
 - Current constitution25 April 1977 
Area
 - Total945,203 km2 (31)
364,898 sq mi
 - Water (%)6.2
Population
 - 2012 census44,928,923[1]
 - Density47.5/km2
123.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$73.859 billion[2] (81)
 - Per capita$1,566[2]b
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 - Total$28.247 billion[2]
 - Per capita$599[2]b
Gini (2007)37.6[3]
medium
HDI (2012)Increase 0.476[4]
low ·152
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+255c
ISO 3166 codeTZ
Internet TLD.tz
a.In higher education and the higher courts.[5]
b.Based on a 2006 population estimate for 2012 of 47.1 million instead of the 2012 census result of 44.9 million.
c.+007 from Kenya and Uganda.
Population estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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