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Tanzania Demographics Profile 2013

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Population48,261,942 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 44.8% (male 10,913,552/female 10,715,034)
15-24 years: 19.4% (male 4,689,483/female 4,694,663)
25-54 years: 29.3% (male 7,095,382/female 7,060,506)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 721,769/female 959,008)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 610,252/female 802,293) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 92.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 86.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 %
potential support ratio: 16.2 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17.3 years
male: 17 years
female: 17.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.82% (2013 est.)
Birth rate37.25 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.41 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 26.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationDAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.207 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.6
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 45.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 47.13 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 60.76 years
male: 59.48 years
female: 62.09 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate5.01 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.4% (2009/10)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.6% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1.4 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths86,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 79% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 53% of population
urban: 21% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 47% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 20% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 10% of population
urban: 80% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 90% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis and leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian
Ethnic groupsmainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
Religionsmainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
LanguagesKiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 67.8%
male: 75.5%
female: 60.8% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,815,085
percentage: 21 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 and does not in (2006 est.)
Education expenditures6.2% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight16.7% (2005)
Health expenditures7.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.008 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013