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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
    Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat  (Pashto)

  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
    Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān  (Persian)

FlagCoat of arms
Motto: There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God
Anthem: Afghan National Anthem
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages[1]
ReligionIslam
DemonymAfghan[alternatives]
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialrepublic
 - PresidentAshraf Ghani
 - Chief Executive OfficerAbdullah Abdullah
LegislatureNational Assembly
 - Upper houseHouse of Elders
 - Lower houseHouse of the People
Establishment
 - First Afghan stateApril 1709 
 - Afghan EmpireOctober 1747 
 - Recognized19 August 1919 
Area
 - Total652,864[2] km2 (41st)
251,827 sq mi
 - Water (%)negligible
Population
 - 2014 estimate31,822,848[3] (40th)
 - 1979 census15.5 million[4]
 - Density43.5/km2 (150th)
111.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$36.838 billion[5]
 - Per capita$1,177[5]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$21.747 billion[5]
 - Per capita$695[5]
Gini (2008)29[6]
low
HDI (2013)Steady 0.468[7]
low ·169th
CurrencyAfghani (AFN)
Time zoneD† (UTC+4:30)
Drives on theright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.afافغانستان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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