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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
    Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat  (Pashto)

  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
    Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān  (Persian)

FlagCoat of arms
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl Allāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
"The National Anthem"
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages[1]
ReligionIslam
DemonymAfghan[Note 1]
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialIslamic republic
 • PresidentAshraf Ghani
 • Chief Executive OfficerAbdullah Abdullah
LegislatureNational Assembly
 • Upper houseHouse of Elders
 • Lower houseHouse of the People
Establishment
 • First Afghan stateApril 1709 
 • Recognized19 August 1919 
Area
 • Total652,864[4] km2 (41st)
251,827 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible
Population
 • 2015 estimate32,564,342[5] (40th)
 • Density49.88/km2 (150th)
111.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$65.295 billion[6]
 • Per capita$1,994[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$19.654 billion[6]
 • Per capita$600[6]
Gini (2008)29[7]
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.465[8]
low ·171st
CurrencyAfghani (AFN)
Time zoneD† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on theright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.afافغانستان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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