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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
    Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān  (Persian)
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
    Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat  (Pashto)
FlagEmblem
Anthem: Afghan National Anthem
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages[1]
DemonymAfghan[alternatives]
GovernmentIslamic republic
 - PresidentHamid Karzai
 - Vice Presidents
 - Chief JusticeAbdul Salam Azimi
LegislatureNational Assembly
 - Upper houseHouse of Elders
 - Lower houseHouse of the People
Independence from Persia[2]
 - First Afghan stateApril 1709 
 - Afghan EmpireOctober 1747 
 - RecognizedAugust 19, 1919 
Area
 - Total652,230 km2 (41st)
251,827 sq mi
 - Water (%)negligible
Population
 - 2013 estimate31,108,077[3] (40)
 - 1979 census15.5 million[4]
 - Density43.5/km2 (150th)
111.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$33.740 billion[5]
 - Per capita$1,053[5]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 - Total$19.906 billion[5]
 - Per capita$621[5]
Gini (2008)29[6]
low
HDI (2011)0.398[7]
low ·172nd
CurrencyAfghani (AFN)
Time zoneD† (UTC+4:30)
Drives on theright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.af

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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