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Afghanistan Demographics Profile 2016

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Population33,332,025 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.03% (male 6,947,939/female 6,728,983)
15-24 years: 22.49% (male 3,816,369/female 3,678,657)
25-54 years: 30.01% (male 5,095,905/female 4,907,019)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 640,813/female 660,121)
65 years and over: 2.57% (male 396,124/female 460,095) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 87%
youth dependency ratio: 82.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6%
potential support ratio: 21.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.6 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 18.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.34% (2016 est.)
Birth rate38.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 26.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.96% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKABUL (capital) 4.635 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 112.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 120.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 105 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.3 years
male: 49.9 years
female: 52.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.22 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate21.2% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.04% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,900 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 55.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 44.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 45.1% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 31.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 54.9% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 68.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groupsPashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz)
note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan is not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai (2015)
ReligionsMuslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3% (2009 est.)
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.2%
male: 52%
female: 24.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,082,722
percentage: 25.3%
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25.3% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2010-11 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2010/11 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate396 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.27 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.4% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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