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Afghanistan Demographics Profile 2014

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Population31,822,848 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42% (male 6,793,832/female 6,579,388)
15-24 years: 22.2% (male 3,600,264/female 3,464,781)
25-54 years: 29.4% (male 4,771,323/female 4,586,963)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 603,197/female 622,539)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 371,753/female 428,808) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 93.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 88.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6 %
potential support ratio: 21.5 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.1 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 18.2 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.29% (2014 est.)
Birth rate38.84 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate14.12 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-1.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 23.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 117.23 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 124.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 109.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.49 years
male: 49.17 years
female: 51.88 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate5.43 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate21.8% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 56.1% of population
total: 64.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 43.9% of population
total: 35.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 46.8% of population
rural: 23.4% of population
total: 29% of population
unimproved:
urban: 53.2% of population
rural: 76.6% of population
total: 71% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Ethnic groupsPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
ReligionsSunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
male: 43.1%
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 11 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 3,252,243
percentage: 25 %
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2011 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2008 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.9% (2004)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.2% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014