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Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España[a][b]
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Plus Ultra" (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2]
"Royal March"
Location of  Spain  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Spain  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Madrid
40°26′N3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official language
and national language
Spanish[c]
Recognised regional
languages[c]
Ethnic groups (2015)
Demonym
GovernmentUnitary parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • MonarchFelipe VI
 • Prime MinisterMariano Rajoy
LegislatureCortes Generales
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseCongress of Deputies
Formation
 • Dynastic20 January 1479 
 • De facto23 January 1516 
 • De jure9 June 1715 
 • First constitution19 March 1812 
 • Current democracy29 December 1978 
 • EEC accession[d]1 January 1986 
Area
 • Total505,990[4] km2 (51st)
195,364 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.04
Population
 • 2015 census46,423,064[e] (30th)
 • Density92/km2 (112th)
240/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$1.674 trillion[6] (16th)
 • Per capita$36,143[6] (33rd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.242 trillion[6] (12th)
 • Per capita$26,823[6] (29th)
Gini (2013)33.7[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.876[8]
very high ·26th
CurrencyEuro[f] () (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
WET(UTC​)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
WEST (UTC+1)
Note: Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands which observe WET/WEST
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+34
ISO 3166 codeES
Internet TLD.es[g]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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