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Spain Demographics Profile 2013

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Population47,370,542 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.4% (male 3,747,028/female 3,531,247)
15-24 years: 9.7% (male 2,377,992/female 2,215,742)
25-54 years: 46.2% (male 11,141,726/female 10,749,877)
55-64 years: 11.3% (male 2,600,682/female 2,738,559)
65 years and over: 17.5% (male 3,514,051/female 4,753,638) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 23 %
elderly dependency ratio: 26.6 %
potential support ratio: 3.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 41.3 years
male: 40 years
female: 42.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.73% (2013 est.)
Birth rate10.14 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate8.94 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate6.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 77% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMADRID (capital) 5.762 million; Barcelona 5.029 million; Valencia 812,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.3 (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.35 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.37 years
male: 78.37 years
female: 84.57 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.48 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.7% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS130,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,600 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groupscomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
ReligionsRoman Catholic 94%, other 6%
LanguagesCastilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2%
note: Catalan is official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian); in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran), Aranese is official along with Catalan; Galician is official in Galicia; Basque is official in the Basque Country
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 98.5%
female: 97% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2011)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density3.961 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013