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Spain Demographics Profile 2014

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Population47,737,941 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.4% (male 3,791,781/female 3,575,157)
15-24 years: 9.6% (male 2,370,289/female 2,212,511)
25-54 years: 45.9% (male 11,158,451/female 10,752,197)
55-64 years: 11.4% (male 2,662,055/female 2,799,379)
65 years and over: 17.6% (male 3,582,643/female 4,833,478) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 23.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 27.1 %
potential support ratio: 3.7 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.6 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 42.9 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.81% (2014 est.)
Birth rate9.88 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate7.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 77.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMADRID (capital) 6.574 million; Barcelona 5.57 million; Valencia 797,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.8 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.33 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.66 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.47 years
male: 78.47 years
female: 84.67 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.48 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.7% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS130,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,600 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groupscomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
ReligionsRoman Catholic 94%, other 6%
LanguagesCastilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2%
note: Catalan is official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian); in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran), Aranese is official along with Catalan; Galician is official in Galicia; Basque is official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre; Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 98.5%
female: 97% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2011)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density3.96 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014