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Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun  (Armenian)
Anthem: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
Location of Armenia
Capital
and largest city
Yerevan
40°11′N44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Official languagesArmenian[1]
Recognised national languagesArmenian, Assyrian, Greek, Kurdish and Russian
Spoken and written languageEastern Armenian[2][3]
Official scriptArmenian alphabeta
Ethnic groups([4][5])
DemonymArmenian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic[6]
Serzh Sargsyan
Karen Karapetyan
Ara Babloyan
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation and independence
• Traditional date
2492 BC
1500–1290 BC
14th century–1190 BC
860–590 BC
6th century BC
190 BC[11]
52–428
885–1045
1198–1375

28 May 1918
• Independence from Soviet Union
23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
26 December 1991d
Area
• Total
29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (138th)
• Water (%)
4.71[12]
Population
• 2016 estimate
3.0 million[13]
• 2011 census
Decrease 3,018,854[14][15] (134th)
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$26.560 billion[16]
• Per capita
$8,881[16]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$10.754 billion[16]
• Per capita
$3,595[16]
Gini (2013)31.5[17]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.733[18]
high · 85th
CurrencyDram (֏) (AMD)
Time zoneAMT(UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+374
Patron saintSt. Gregory
ISO 3166 codeAM
Internet TLD.am.հայ
  1. Reformed orthography.[19]
  2. Declared sovereignty.
  3. Declared independence via an Referendum
  4. Independence was officially widely recognized after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current constitution was adopted on 5 July 1995.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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