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Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
Capital
and largest city
Yerevan
40°11′N44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Official languagesArmenian[1]
Spoken and written languageEastern Armenian[2][3]
Official scriptArmenian alphabeta
Ethnic groups ([4])
ReligionChristianity (Armenian Apostolic Church)
DemonymArmenian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic[5]
 • PresidentSerzh Sargsyan
 • Prime MinisterKaren Karapetyan
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation and independence
 • Traditional date2492 BCE 
 • Hayasa-Azzi1500–1290 BCE 
 • Arme-Shupria[6][7]14th century–1190 BCE 
 • Urartu[8]860–590 BCE 
 • Orontid dynasty6th century BCE 
 • Kingdom of Greater
Armenia
united under
the Artaxiad Dynasty[9]
190 BCE[10] 
 • Arsacid dynasty52–428 
 • Bagratid Armenia885–1045 
 • Kingdom of Cilicia1198–1375 
 • First Republic of Armeniadeclared
28 May 1918 
 • Independence from the Soviet Union23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
 
Area
 • Total29,743 km2 (141st)
11,484 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.71[11]
Population
 • 2016 estimate2,998,600[12]
 • 2011 censusIncrease 3,018,854[13][14] (134th)
 • Density101.5/km2 (99th)
262.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$25.323 billion[15]
 • Per capita$8,468[15]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$10.571 billion[15]
 • Per capita$3,535[15]
Gini (2013)31.5[16]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.733[17]
high ·85th
CurrencyDram (դր.) (AMD)
Time zoneAMT(UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+374
Patron saintSt. Gregory
ISO 3166 codeAM
Internet TLD.am.հայ
a.Reformed orthography.[18]
b.Declared.
c.Referendum.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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