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Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetutyun
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
Our Fatherland
Capital
and largest city
Yerevan
40°11′N44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Official languagesArmenian[1]
Official written languageEastern Armenian[2][3]
Official scriptArmenian alphabeta
Ethnic groups ([4])
ReligionArmenian Apostolic Church
DemonymArmenian
GovernmentSemi-presidentialrepublic[1]
 - PresidentSerzh Sargsyan
 - Prime MinisterHovik Abrahamyan
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation and independence
 - Traditional date2492 BCE 
 - Hayasa-Azzi1500–1290 BCE 
 - Arme-Shupria[5][6]1300s–1190 BCE 
 - Urartu[7]860–590 BCE 
 - Orontid Dynasty6th century BCE 
 - Kingdom of Greater
Armenia
united under
the Artaxiad Dynasty[8]
190 BCE[9] 
 - Arsacid Dynasty52–428 
 - Bagratid Armenia885–1045 
 - Kingdom of Cilicia1198–1375 
 - First Republic of Armeniadeclared
28 May 1918 
 - Independence from the Soviet Union23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
 
Area
 - Total29,743 km2 (141st)
11,484 sq mi
 - Water (%)4.71[10]
Population
 - 2015 censusIncrease 2,974,693[11][12] (134th)
 - Density101.5/km2 (99th)
262.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$20.831 billion[13]
 - Per capita$6,128[13]
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$10.325 billion[13]
 - Per capita$3,037[13]
Gini (2008)30.9[14]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.730[15]
high ·87th
CurrencyDram (դր.) (AMD)
Time zoneUTC(UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+374
Patron saintSt. Gregory
ISO 3166 codeAM
Internet TLD.am
a.Reformed orthography.[16]
b.Declared.
c.Referendum.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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