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Armenia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSouthwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both
Geographic coordinates40 00 N, 45 00 E
Map referencesAsia
Areatotal: 29,743 sq km
land: 28,203 sq km
water: 1,540 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 1,570 km
border countries (4): Azerbaijan 996 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatehighland continental, hot summers, cold winters
TerrainArmenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 1,792 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Debed River 400 m
highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m
Natural resourcessmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite
Land useagricultural land: 59.7%
arable land 15.8%; permanent crops 1.9%; permanent pasture 42%
forest: 9.1%
other: 31.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land2,740 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the capital of Yerevan is home to more than five times as many people as Gyumri, the second largest city in the country
Natural hazardsoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts
Environment - current issuessoil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Geography - notelandlocked in the Lesser Caucasus Mountains; Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan) is the largest lake in this mountain range

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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