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Republic of Madagascar
  • Repoblikan'i Madagasikara  (Malagasy)
  • République de Madagascar  (French)
Motto: 
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, Patrie, Progrès" (French)
  • "Love, Fatherland, Progress"[1]
Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Location of  Madagascar  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Madagascar  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Antananarivo
18°55′S47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Official languages
Ethnic groups(2004[2])
DemonymMalagasy,[3] Madagascan[4][5]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Hery Rajaonarimampianina
Olivier Solonandrasana
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence
• from France
26 June 1960
17 November 2010
Area
• Total
587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) (47th)
• Water
5,501 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.9%
Population
• 2016[6] estimate
24,430,325 (52nd)
• 1993 census
12,238,914
• Density
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$40.055 billion[7]
• Per capita
$1,563[7]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$10.372 billion[7]
• Per capita
$405[7]
Gini (2010)44.1[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.512[9]
low · 158th
CurrencyMalagasy ariary (MGA)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
• Summer (DST)
not observed[10] (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+261[10]
ISO 3166 codeMG
Internet TLD.mg

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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