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Republic of Madagascar
  • Repoblikan'i Madagasikara  (Malagasy)
  • République de Madagascar  (French)
FlagSeal
Motto: 
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, patrie, progrès" (French)
  • "Love, Fatherland, Progress"[1]
Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Location of  Madagascar  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Madagascar  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Antananarivo
18°55′S47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2004[2])
DemonymMalagasy[3]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
 • PresidentHery Rajaonarimampianina
 • Prime MinisterOlivier Solonandrasana
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseNational Assembly
Independence
 • from France26 June 1960 
 • Current constitution17 November 2010 
Area
 • Total587,041 km2 (46th)
226,597 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.009%
Population
 • 2014[4] estimate22,434,363 (53rd)
 • 1993 census12,238,914
 • Density35.2/km2 (174th)
91.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$37.635 billion[5]
 • Per capita$1,510[5]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$9.170 billion[5]
 • Per capita$368[5]
Gini (2010)44.1[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.510[7]
low ·154th
CurrencyMalagasy ariary (MGA)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST)not observed[8] (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+261[8]
ISO 3166 codeMG
Internet TLD.mg

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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