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Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan  (Turkmen)
Anthem: 
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan

Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Capital
and largest city
Ashgabat
37°58′N58°20′E / 37.967°N 58.333°E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languagesTurkmen[1]
Inter-ethnic
languages
Russian
Ethnic groups(2003)
DemonymTurkmen
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partypresidential republic under an Authoritarian Regime
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Akja Nurberdiýewa
LegislatureMejlis
Formation
1511
30 April 1918
13 May 1925
• Declared state sovereignty
22 August 1990
• Declared independence from the Soviet Union
27 October 1991
• Recognized
26 December 1991
18 May 1992
Area
• Total
491,210 km2 (189,660 sq mi)[3] (53rd)
• Water (%)
4.9
Population
• 2014 estimate
5,171,943[4] (117th)
• Density
10.5/km2 (27.2/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$103.987 billion[5]
• Per capita
$18,771[5]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$42.355 billion[5]
• Per capita
$7,645[5]
Gini (1998)40.8
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.688[6]
medium · 109th
CurrencyTurkmen new manat (TMT)
Time zoneTMT (UTC+5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+993
ISO 3166 codeTM
Internet TLD.tm

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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