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Turkmenistan Demographics Profile 2017

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Population5,291,317 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.95% (male 695,752/female 677,166)
15-24 years: 19.04% (male 506,856/female 500,647)
25-54 years: 42.86% (male 1,125,058/female 1,142,870)
55-64 years: 7.59% (male 189,464/female 212,330)
65 years and over: 4.56% (male 105,140/female 136,034) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.9
youth dependency ratio: 41.7
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1
potential support ratio: 16.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.5 years
male: 27 years
female: 28 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.13% (2016 est.)
Birth rate19.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.94% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationASHGABAT (capital) 746,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 35.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.1 years
male: 67.1 years
female: 73.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.08 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen
Ethnic groupsTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
ReligionsMuslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
LanguagesTurkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate42 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.2% (2006)
Health expenditures2.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.29 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density4 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.8% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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