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Nicaragua

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Republic of Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spanish)
"In God We Trust" [1]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Spanish)
Hail to Thee, Nicaragua
Capital
and largest city
Escudo de Managua.svg Managua
12°9′N86°16′W / 12.150°N 86.267°W / 12.150; -86.267
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
DemonymNicaraguans
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentDaniel Ortega (FSLN)
 • Vice PresidentOmar Halleslevens
 • Foreign MinisterSamuel Santos López
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independencefrom Spain, Mexico and the Federal Republic of Central America
 • Declared15 September 1821 
 • Recognized25 July 1850 
 • from the First Mexican Empire1 July 1823 
 • from the Federal Republic of Central America31 May 1838 
 • Revolution19 July 1979 
 • Current constitution9 January 1987[3] 
Area
 • Total130,375 km2 (97th)
50,193 sq mi
 • Water (%)7.14
Population
 • 2012 census6,167,237[4]
 • Density51/km2 (155th)
114/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$31.177 billion[5]
 • Per capita$4,972[5]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$12.321 billion[5]
 • Per capita$1,965[5]
Gini (2009)45.7[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.631[7]
medium ·125th
CurrencyCórdoba (NIO)
Time zoneCST(UTC−6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+505
ISO 3166 codeNI
Internet TLD.ni

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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