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Republic of Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spanish)
"In God We Trust" [1]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Spanish)
Hail to Thee, Nicaragua
Capital
and largest city
Escudo de Managua.svg Managua
12°9′N86°16′W / 12.150°N 86.267°W / 12.150; -86.267
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Demonym
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentDaniel Ortega (FSLN)
 - Vice PresidentOmar Halleslevens
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independencefrom Spain, Mexico and the Federal Republic of Central America
 - Declared15 September 1821 
 - Recognized25 July 1850 
 - from the First Mexican Empire1 July 1823 
 - from the Federal Republic of Central America31 May 1838 
 - Revolution19 July 1979 
 - Current constitution9 January 1987[3] 
Area
 - Total130,375 km2 (97th)
50,193 sq mi
 - Water (%)7.14
Population
 - 2012 census6,071,045[4]
 - Density51/km2 (155th)
114/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$31.721 billion[5]
 - Per capita$5,069[5]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$12.557 billion[5]
 - Per capita$2,006[5]
Gini (2005)40.5[6]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.614[7]
medium ·132nd
CurrencyCórdoba (NIO)
Time zoneCST(UTC−6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+505
ISO 3166 codeNI
Internet TLD.ni

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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