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Nicaragua

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Republic of Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua (Spanish)
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spanish)
"In God We Trust" [1]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Spanish)
Hail to Thee, Nicaragua
Location of Nicaragua
Capital
and largest city
Escudo de Managua.svg Managua
12°9′N86°16′W / 12.150°N 86.267°W / 12.150; -86.267
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups(2011[2])
DemonymNicaraguan
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Daniel Ortega (FSLN)
Rosario Murillo
Denis Moncada[3]
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independencefrom Spain, Mexico and the Federal Republic of Central America
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Recognized
25 July 1850
• from the First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
31 May 1838
• Revolution
19 July 1979
• Current constitution
9 January 1987[4]
Area
• Total
130,375 km2 (50,338 sq mi) (97th)
• Water (%)
7.14
Population
• 2012 census
6,167,237[5]
• Density
51/km2 (132.1/sq mi) (155th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$35.835 billion[6]
• Per capita
$5,755[6]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$13.748 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,207[6]
Gini (2009)45.7[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.645[8]
medium · 125th
CurrencyCórdoba (NIO)
Time zoneCST(UTC−6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+505
ISO 3166 codeNI
Internet TLD.ni

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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