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Commonwealth of Australia
Location of Australia
CapitalCanberra
35°18′29″S149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444
Largest citySydney
Official languagesNone[N 2]
National languageEnglish[N 2]
Religion
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Sir Peter Cosgrove
Malcolm Turnbull
Susan Kiefel
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
1 January 1901
9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
3 March 1986
Area
• Total
7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th)
Population
• 2017 estimate
24,584,300[6] (51st)
• 2016 census
23,401,892[7]
• Density
3.2/km2 (8.3/sq mi) (236th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.189 trillion[8] (19th)
• Per capita
$48,806[8] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.257 trillion[8] (13th)
• Per capita
$51,593[8] (9th)
Gini (2012)33.6[9]
medium · 19th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.939[10]
very high · 2nd
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zonevarious[N 3](UTC+8 to +10.5)
• Summer (DST)
various[N 3] (UTC+8 to +11.5)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+61
ISO 3166 codeAU
Internet TLD.au

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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