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Commonwealth of Australia
A blue field with the Union Flag in the upper hoist quarter, a large white seven-pointed star in the lower hoist quarter, and constellation of five white stars in the fly – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: "Advance Australia Fair"[N 1]

CapitalCanberra
35°18.48′S149°7.47′E / 35.30800°S 149.12450°E / -35.30800; 149.12450
Largest citySydney
Official languagesNone[N 2]
National languageEnglish[N 2]
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • MonarchElizabeth II
 • Governor-GeneralSir Peter Cosgrove
 • Prime MinisterMalcolm Turnbull
 • Chief JusticeRobert French
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Federation, Constitution1 January 1901 
 • Statute of Westminster Adoption Act9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
 
 • Australia Act3 March 1986 
Area
 • Total7,692,024 km2 (6th)
2,969,907 sq mi
Population
 • 2016 estimate24,236,800[5] (51st)
 • 2011 census21,507,717[6]
 • Density2.8/km2 (236th)
7.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$1.137 trillion[7] (19th)
 • Per capita$47,318[7] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$1.223 trillion[7] (13th)
 • Per capita$51,642[7] (9th)
Gini (2012)33.6[8]
medium ·19th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.935[9]
very high ·2nd
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zonevarious[N 3](UTC+8 to +10.5)
 • Summer (DST)various[N 3] (UTC+8 to +11.5)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+61
ISO 3166 codeAU
Internet TLD.au

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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