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Ireland[a]
Éire  (Irish)
Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann"
"The Soldiers' Song"
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Dublin
53°20.65′N6°16.05′W / 53.34417°N 6.26750°W / 53.34417; -6.26750
Official languages
National languageIrish[1]
Ethnic groups(2016[2])
  • 82.2% White Irish
  • 9.5% Other White
  • 2.6% Not stated
  • 1.7% Other Asian / Asian Irish
  • 1.5% Other
  • 1.2% Black Irish / Black African
  • 0.7% Irish Traveller
  • 0.4% Chinese
  • 0.1% Other Black
DemonymIrish
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary republic
Michael D. Higgins
Leo Varadkar
Frances Fitzgerald
LegislatureOireachtas
Seanad
Dáil
Independence from the United Kingdom
24 April 1916
21 January 1919
6 December 1921
6 December 1922
29 December 1937
18 April 1949
• Joined the EEC
1 January 1973
Area
• Total
70,273 km2 (27,133 sq mi) (120th)
• Water (%)
2.00
Population
• 2016 census
4,761,865[3] (120th)
• Density
67.7/km2 (175.3/sq mi) (142nd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$324 billion[4] (56th)
• Per capita
$69,231[4] (7th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$308 billion[4] (42nd)
• Per capita
$65,562[4] (4th)
Gini (2014)Negative increase 30.0[5]
medium · 23rd
HDI (2015)Increase 0.923[6]
very high · 8th
CurrencyEuro ()[note 1] (EUR)
Time zoneGMT/WET(UTC​)
• Summer (DST)
IST/WEST (UTC+1)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+353
ISO 3166 codeIE
Internet TLD.ie[b]
  1. ^Article 4 of the Constitution of Ireland declares that the name of the state is Ireland; Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".[7]
  2. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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