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Republic of China
中華民國
Zhōnghuá Mínguó[a]
Anthem: 
《中華民國國歌》
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"

Flag anthem:
《中華民國國旗歌》
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
a map of East Asia, with a world map insert, with the island of Taiwan shaded and the other islands circled
Area controlled by the Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.[1]
Area controlled by the Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.[1]
CapitalTaipei[2]
25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633Coordinates: 25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
Largest cityNew Taipei
Official languagesMandarin[3][4]
Recognised national languages
Official scriptTraditional Chinese
Ethnic groups95% Han[5]
  72% Hoklo
  14% Hakka
  14% Waishengren[b]
3.1% New immigrants
2.3% Aborigines[c]
DemonymTaiwanese[6]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Tsai Ing-wen
Chen Chien-jen
• Premier
Lin Chuan
Lin Hsi-yao
• Speaker
Su Chia-chyuan
Tsai Chi-chang
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
Formation
1 January 1912
25 October 1945
25 December 1947
7 December 1949
• Abolition of Temporary Provisions
1 May 1991
Area
• Total
36,197[7] km2 (13,976 sq mi) (134th)
Population
• 2017 estimate
23,550,077[8] (53rd)
• 2010 census
23,123,866[9] (53rd)
• Density
650/km2 (1,683.5/sq mi) (17th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.177 trillion[10]
• Per capita
$49,901[10]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$566.757 billion[10]
• Per capita
$24,027[10]
Gini (2014)33.6[11]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.882[d]
very high · 25th
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneNational Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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