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Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Joannes est nomen ejus" (Latin)
"John is his name"
Anthem: "La Borinqueña"[a]
"The Borinquenian"
Great Seal
Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.svg
StatusUnincorporated Territory
Capital
and largest city
San Juan
18°27′N66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100
Official languagesSpanish(most commonly used)
English[1]
Common languages
94.4%Spanish
5.1%English
0.5%Others
Ethnic groups
75.8%White
12.4%Black
3.3%Two or more races
0.5%American Indian & Alaskan Native
0.2%Asian
0.1%Pacific Islander
7.8%Other[2]
DemonymPuerto Rican(formal)
Boricua(colloquial)
Sovereign state United States
GovernmentCommonwealth[b]
 • PresidentBarack Obama (D)
 • GovernorAlejandro García Padilla (PPD)
 • U.S. House DelegateResident CommissionerPedro Pierluisi (NPP)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Unincorporated territory within the United States
 • Cession from SpainDecember 10, 1898 
 • U.S. citizenship grantedMarch 2, 1917 
 • Constitution adoptedJuly 25, 1952 
Area
 • Total9,104 km2 (169th)
3,515 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.6
Population
 • 2015 estimate3,474,182[3] (130th)
 • 2010 census3,725,789
 • Density382/km2 (29th)
988/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 • Total$125.861 billion[4] (72nd)
 • Per capita$35,029[5] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 • Total$103.676 billion[6] (60th)
 • Per capita$28,123[7] (32nd)
Gini (2011)0.531[8]
low
HDI (2012)0.865[9]
very high ·29th
CurrencyUnited States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zoneAtlantic(UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)no longer observed (UTC-4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+1-787, +1-939
ISO 3166 codePR
Internet TLD.pr
a.^ "The Star-Spangled Banner" serves as the national anthem for the United States of America and its territories.
b.^ "The term 'Commonwealth' does not describe or provide for any specific political status or relationship. It has, for example, been applied to both states and territories. When used in connection with areas under U.S. sovereignty that are not states, the term broadly describes an area that is self-governing under a constitution of its adoption and whose right of self-government will not be unilaterally withdrawn by Congress."[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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