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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[a]
  • República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
(English: "Glory to the Brave People")
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
4°35′N74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languageSpanish
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymVenezuelan
GovernmentFederalpresidential[2][3][4][5]republic
 • PresidentNicolás Maduro
 • Vice PresidentAristóbulo Istúriz
 • President of the National AssemblyHenry Ramos Allup
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
 • from Spain5 July 1811 
 • from Gran Colombia13 January 1830 
 • Recognized30 March 1845 
Area
 • Total916,445 km2 (33rd)
353,841 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.32[d]
Population
 • 2016 estimate census31.416 million[6] (44th)
 • Density33.75/km2 (181st)
87.42/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$479.136 billion[6]
 • Per capita$15,251[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$185.611 billion[6]
 • Per capita$5,908[6]
Gini (2013) 44.8[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Decrease 0.762[8]
high ·71st
CurrencyBolívar fuerte[e] (VEF)
Time zoneVET(UTC–4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
a.^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
b.^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
c.^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Italian, Amerindian, African, Portuguese, Arab and German descent.
d.^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
e.^ On 1 January 2008, a new bolivar was introduced, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF) worth 1,000 VEB.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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