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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[a]
  • República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
(English: "Glory to the Brave People")
Location of Venezuela
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
10°30′N66°55′W / 10.500°N 66.917°W / 10.500; -66.917
Official languagesSpanishb
Recognized regional languagesIndigenous languages
Ethnic groups(2011[1])
Religion71% Catholic
17% Protestant
8% Agnostic/Atheist
3% Other religion
1% No answer[2]
DemonymVenezuelan
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
Nicolás Maduro
Tareck El Aissami
Julio Borges
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from Spain
5 July 1811
• from Gran Colombia
13 January 1830
• Recognized
30 March 1845
Area
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (33rd)
• Water (%)
0.32[d]
Population
• 2016 estimate census
31,775,371[3] (44th)
• Density
33.75/km2 (87.4/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$404.109 billion[3]
• Per capita
$12,859[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$251.589 billion[3]
• Per capita
$8,004[3]
Gini (2013) 44.8[4]
medium
HDI (2015)Decrease 0.767[5]
high · 71st
CurrencyBolívar fuerte[e] (VEF)
Time zoneVET(UTC–4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
  1. ^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
  2. ^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
  3. ^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Italian, Amerindian, African, Portuguese, Arab and German descent.
  4. ^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
  5. ^ On 1 January 2008, a new bolivar was introduced, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF) worth 1,000 VEB.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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