IndexMundi Home
Flag of Venezuela

Venezuela

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[a]
  • República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
Glory to the Brave People
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
10°30′N66°58′W / 10.500°N 66.967°W / 10.500; -66.967
National languageSpanish[b]
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymVenezuelan
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentNicolás Maduro
 - Vice PresidentJorge Arreaza
 - President of the National AssemblyDiosdado Cabello
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
 - from Spain5 July 1811 
 - from Gran Colombia13 January 1830 
 - Recognized30 March 1845 
 - Current constitution20 December 1999 
Area
 - Total916,445 km2 (33rd)
353,841 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.32[d]
Population
 - 2011 census28,946,101 (44th)
 - Density30.2/km2 (181st)
77/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$408.805 billion[2]
 - Per capita$13,634[2]
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$382.424 billion[2]
 - Per capita$11,527[2]
Gini (2010)39[3]
medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.748[4]
high ·71st
CurrencyBolívar fuerte[e] (VEF)
Time zoneVET(UTC–4½)
Drives on theright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
a.^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
b.^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
c.^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Italian, Amerindian, African, Portuguese, Arab and German descent.
d.^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
e.^ On 1 January 2008, a new bolivar was introduced, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF) worth 1,000 VEB.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums