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New Zealand
Aotearoa(Māori)
Blue field with the Union Flag in the top right corner, and four red stars with white borders to the right.
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Location of New Zealand within the Realm of New Zealand
Location of New Zealand within the Realm of New Zealand
CapitalWellington
41°17′S174°27′E / 41.283°S 174.450°E / -41.283; 174.450
Largest cityAuckland
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2013)
DemonymNew Zealander
Kiwi (informal)
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • MonarchElizabeth II
 • Governor-GeneralPatsy Reddy
 • Prime MinisterJohn Key
LegislatureParliament
(House of Representatives)
Independence from the United Kingdom
 • Responsible government7 May 1856 
 • Dominion26 September 1907 
 • Statute of Westminster adopted25 November 1947 
 • De jure independence10 December 1947 
Area
 • Total268,021 km2 (75th)
103,483 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.6[n 4]
Population
 • 2016 estimate4,721,610[7] (123rd)
 • 2013 census4,242,048
 • Density17.2/km2 (205th)
44.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$173.2 billion[8] (67th)
 • Per capita$36,950[8]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$169.9 billion[8]
 • Per capita$36,254[8]
Gini (2014)33.0[9]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.913[10]
very high ·9th
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar ($) (NZD)
Time zoneNZST[n 5](UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST)NZDT[n 6] (UTC+13)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+64
ISO 3166 codeNZ
Internet TLD.nz

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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