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Kingdom of Bhutan
འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ (Dzongkha)
druk gyal khap
Anthem: Druk tsendhen
The Thunder Dragon Kingdom
A map of the world, centred on South Asia, highlighting Bhutan
A map of east-central Asia, highlighting Bhutan
Capital
and largest city
Thimphu
27°28.0′N89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417
Official languagesDzongkha
ReligionBuddhism
DemonymBhutanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• King
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Tshering Tobgay
LegislatureParliament
National Council
National Assembly
Formation
• Unification of Bhutan
17th century
17 December 1907
8 August 1949
21 September 1971
18 July 2008
Area
• Total
38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi)[1][2] (136th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2012 estimate
742,737[3] (165th)
• 2005a census
634,982[4]
• Density
19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (196th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$7.045 billion[5]
• Per capita
$8,762[5] (115)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.308 billion[5]
• Per capita
$2,870 [5] (130)
Gini (2012)38.7[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.607[7]
medium · 132nd
CurrencyNgultrum(BTN) and Indian rupee(INR)
Time zoneBTT(UTC+6)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+6)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+975
ISO 3166 codeBT
Internet TLD.bt
  1. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking.[8] Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in the year 2000. A national census was carried out in 2005 and it turned out that the population was 672,425. Consequently, United Nations Population Division reduced its estimation of the country's population in the 2006 revision[9] for the whole period from 1950 to 2050.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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