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Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persian)
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
Motto: 
استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: 
مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
  • "The Eastern Sun"
Location of Iran
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Recognised regional languages
ReligionOfficial:
Islam (Shia)
Other recognized religions:
DemonymIranian,
Persian (historic)
Governmentde jure:
Islamic Republic
de facto:
Theocratic-republican hybrid; unitarypresidential republic subject to a Supreme Leader[3]
Ali Khamenei
Hassan Rouhani
Eshaq Jahangiri
Ali Larijani
Sadeq Larijani
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Unification
c. 678 BC
550 BC
247 BC
224 AD[4]
1501[5]
1 April 1979
24 October 1979
28 July 1989
Area
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17th)
• Water (%)
7.07
Population
• 2017 estimate
79,926,270[6] (18th)
• Density
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (162nd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.551 trillion[7] (18th)
• Per capita
$19,050[7]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$438.3 billion[7] (27th)
• Per capita
$5,383[7]
Gini (2013)37.4[8]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.766[9]
high · 69th
CurrencyRial (ریال) (IRR)
Time zoneIRST(UTC+3:30)
• Summer (DST)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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