IndexMundi Home
Flag of Iran

Iran

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Islamic Republic of Iran
  • جمهوری اسلامی ایران
  • Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
FlagEmblem
Motto: 
  • استقلال. آزادی. جمهوری اسلامی
  • "Independence, Freedom, Islamic Republic"
[citation needed]
Anthem: 
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Spoken languages[1]
ReligionShia Islam(official)
DemonymIranian
GovernmentParliamentary Islamic republic
 - Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
 - PresidentHassan Rouhani
LegislaturePeople's House
Unification[2]
 - Median Empire625 BCE 
 - Achaemenid Empire550 BCE 
 - Sassanid Empire[3]224 
 - Safavid Empire1501[4] 
 - Islamic Republic1 April 1979 
 - Current constitution24 October 1979 
 - Constitution amendment28 July 1989 
Area
 - Total1,648,195 km2 (18th)
636,372 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.7
Population
 - 2013 estimate77,176,930[5] (17th)
 - Density48/km2 (162rd)
124/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
 - Total$988.437 billion[6] (17th)
 - Per capita$12,986[6] (75th)
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 - Total$548.590 billion[6] (21st)
 - Per capita$7,207[6] (76th)
Gini (2010)0.38[7]
low
HDI (2013)Increase 0.742[8]
high ·76th
CurrencyRial (﷼) (IRR)
Time zoneIRST(UTC+3:30)
 - Summer (DST)IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums