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Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
FlagEmblem
Motto: 
"استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی"
"Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi"
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
"The Eastern Sun"
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Spoken languages[2]
ReligionOfficial:
Shia Islam
Other recognized religions:
DemonymIranian, Persian
Governmentde jure:
Islamic Republic
de facto:
Theocratic-republican hybrid; unitarypresidential republic subject to a Supreme Leader[3]
 • Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
 • PresidentHassan Rouhani
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Unification[4]
 • Median Empirec. 678 BC 
 • Achaemenid Empire550 BC 
 • Sassanid Empire224 AD[5] 
 • Safavid Empire1501[6] 
 • Islamic Republic1 April 1979 
 • Current constitution24 October 1979 
 • Constitution amended28 July 1989 
Area
 • Total1,648,195 km2 (18th)
636,372 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.7
Population
 • 2016 estimate79.2 million[7] (18th)
 • Density48/km2 (162nd)
124/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$1,015 billion[8] (18th)
 • Per capita$12,833[8]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$419.643 billion[8] (29th)
 • Per capita$5,306[8] (98th)
Gini (2013)37.4[9]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.766[10]
high ·69th
CurrencyRial (﷼) (IRR)
Time zoneIRST(UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST)IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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