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Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān(Persian)
FlagEmblem
Motto: 
"استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی"
"Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi"
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
Anthem: مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
"The Eastern Sun"
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Spoken languages[2]
ReligionOfficial:
Shia Islam
Other recognized religions:
DemonymIranian
Persian
GovernmentUnitarytheocraticpresidentialrepublic
 - Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
 - PresidentHassan Rouhani
 - Vice PresidentEshaq Jahangiri
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Unification[3]
 - Median Empirec. 678 BC 
 - Achaemenid Empire550 BC 
 - Sassanid Empire[4]224 AD 
 - Safavid Empire1501[5] 
 - Islamic Republic1 April 1979 
 - Current constitution24 October 1979 
 - Constitution amendment28 July 1989 
Area
 - Total1,648,195 km2 (18th)
636,372 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.7
Population
 - 2013 estimate78,192,200 [6] (17th)
 - Density48/km2 (162rd)
124/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$1.284 trillion[7] (17th)
 - Per capita$16,463[7] (72nd)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$402.700[7] (20th)
 - Per capita$5,165[7] (98th)
Gini (2010)38[8]
medium
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.749[9]
high ·75th
CurrencyRial (﷼) (IRR)
Time zoneIRST(UTC+3:30)
 - Summer (DST)IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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