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Iran Demographics Profile 2016

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Population82,801,633 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23.65% (male 10,037,814/female 9,546,710)
15-24 years: 16.57% (male 7,041,801/female 6,675,656)
25-54 years: 47.59% (male 20,085,331/female 19,319,933)
55-64 years: 6.79% (male 2,770,618/female 2,855,362)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 2,052,541/female 2,415,867) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.2%
youth dependency ratio: 33.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1%
potential support ratio: 14.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.4 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 29.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.18% (2016 est.)
Birth rate17.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.07% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationTEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.85 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 37.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 36.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.4 years
male: 69.8 years
female: 73.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.83 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate77.4% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.14% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS73,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,000 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.8% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.2% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 10% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groupsPersian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes
ReligionsMuslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
LanguagesPersian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.8%
male: 91.2%
female: 82.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.89 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density0.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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