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Iran Demographics Profile 2014

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Population80,840,713 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23.7% (male 9,834,866/female 9,350,017)
15-24 years: 18.7% (male 7,757,256/female 7,341,309)
25-54 years: 46.1% (male 18,955,874/female 18,289,849)
55-64 years: 6.3% (male 2,519,630/female 2,603,458)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 1,941,692/female 2,246,762) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 33.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6 %
potential support ratio: 13.1 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.3 years
male: 28 years
female: 28.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.22% (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.23 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 69.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.25% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationTEHRAN (capital) 7.304 million; Mashhad 2.713 million; Esfahan 1.781 million; Karaj 1.635 million; Tabriz 1.509 million; Shiraz 1.321 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 39 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.53 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.89 years
male: 69.32 years
female: 72.53 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.85 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73.3% (2002)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS70,900 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,600 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 91.7% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 8.3% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.8% of population
rural: 81.6% of population
total: 89.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.2% of population
rural: 18.4% of population
total: 10.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groupsPersian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
LanguagesPersian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85%
male: 89.3%
female: 80.7% (2008 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2012)
Education expenditures3.7% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate21 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.6% (2004)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.89 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.4% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014