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Iran Demographics Profile 2013

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Population79,853,900 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23.8% (male 9,733,762/female 9,251,929)
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 8,116,169/female 7,671,139)
25-54 years: 45.3% (male 18,380,525/female 17,766,409)
55-64 years: 6.1% (male 2,383,360/female 2,472,140)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 1,902,743/female 2,175,724) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41 %
youth dependency ratio: 33.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.5 %
potential support ratio: 13.4 (2013)
Median agetotal: 27.8 years
male: 27.5 years
female: 28.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.24% (2013 est.)
Birth rate18.4 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 69.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.25% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationTEHRAN (capital) 7.19 million; Mashhad 2.592 million; Esfahan 1.704 million; Karaj 1.531 million; Tabriz 1.459 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 40.02 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.62 years
male: 69.09 years
female: 72.24 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.86 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73.3% (2002)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS92,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths6,400 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groupsPersian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%
LanguagesPersian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85%
male: 89.3%
female: 80.7% (2008 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.7% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate21 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.6% (2004)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.89 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.4% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013