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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital
and largest city
Sarajevo[1]
43°52′N18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417
Official languagesNone (de jure)
Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian (de facto)
Ethnic groups (2013 census)
[2]
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
republic
[3]
 • High RepresentativeValentin Inzkoa
 • Chairman of the PresidencyBakir Izetbegovićb
 • Members of the PresidencyDragan Čovićc
Mladen Ivanićd
 • Prime MinisterDenis Zvizdić
LegislatureParliamentary Assembly
 • Upper houseHouse of Peoples
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence
 • Banate of Bosnia1154 
 • Kingdom of Bosnia1377 
 • Conquered by Ottoman Empire1463 
 • Bosnian uprising1831 
 • Jurisdiction transferred to Austria–Hungary1878 
 • Annexation of Bosnia by Austria-Hungary1908 
 • National Day25 November 1943 
 • Republic of BiH & independence from SFRJ1 March 1992 
 • Observed[4]6 April 1992 
Area
 • Total51,197 km2 (127th)
19,741 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.8%
Population
 • 2013 census3,531,159[5]
 • Density68.97/km2
178.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$41.127 billion[6]
 • Per capita$11,647[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$16.306 billion[7]
 • Per capita$4,617.75[7]
Gini (2013)36.2[8]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.733[9]
high ·85th
CurrencyConvertible mark (BAM)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd. mm. yyyy. (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code387
ISO 3166 codeBA
Internet TLD.ba
a.Not a government member; the High Representative is an international civilian overseer of the Dayton peace agreement with authority to dismiss elected and non-elected officials and enact legislation.
b.Chair of current presidency (Bosniak)
c.Current presidency member (Croat)
d.Current presidency member (Serb)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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