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Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Capital
and largest city
Sarajevo[1]
43°52′N18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417
Official languages (state level)None (de jure)
Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian (de facto)
Official languages (entity level)Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska)
Ethnic groups (2013 estimates[2])
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
republic
[3]
 - High RepresentativeValentin Inzkoa
 - Chairman of the Presidency
 - Members of the PresidencyDragan Čovićc
Bakir Izetbegovićd
 - Prime MinisterDenis Zvizdić
LegislatureParliamentary Assembly
 - Upper houseHouse of Peoples
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence
 - First mentioned753 
 - Banate of Bosnia1154 
 - Kingdom of Bosnia1377 
 - Conquered by Ottoman Empire1463 
 - Bosnian uprising1831 
 - Jurisdiction transferred to Austria–Hungary1878 
 - Annexation of Bosnia by Austria-Hungary1908 
 - National Day25 November 1943 
 - Independence from SFR Yugoslavia1 March 1992 
 - Observed[4]6 April 1992 
Area
 - Total51,197 km2 (127th)
19,741 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.8%
Population
 - 2014 census3,871,643[5]
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$33.251 billion[6]
 - Per capita$8,589[6]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$19.122 billion[6]
 - Per capita$4,939[6]
Gini (2013)36.2[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Steady 0.731[8]
high ·86th
CurrencyConvertible mark (BAM)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code387
ISO 3166 codeBA
Internet TLD.ba
a.Not a government member; the High Representative is an international civilian overseer of the Dayton peace agreement with authority to dismiss elected and non-elected officials and enact legislation.
b.Chair of current presidency (Serb).
c.Current presidency member (Croat).
d.Current presidency member (Bosniak).

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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