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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
Al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabiyyah as-Su‘ūdiyyah
FlagEmblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā l-lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l-lāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: لسلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
The Royal Salute
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[5]
ReligionIslam(official)[6]
Demonym
  • Saudi Arabian
  • Saudi (informal)
GovernmentUnitaryIslamicabsolute monarchy
 - KingAbdullah bin Abdul Aziz
 - Crown PrinceSalman bin Abdul Aziz
LegislatureNone[a]
Establishment
 - Kingdom founded23 September 1932[7] 
Area
 - Total2,149,690[5] km2 (13th)
870,000 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.7
Population
 - 2012 estimate29,195,895[8] (43rd)
 - Density12.3/km2 (216th)
31/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$927.762 billion[9] (19th)
 - Per capita$31,309[9] (28th)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$718.472 billion[9] (19th)
 - Per capita$24,246[9] (31st)
HDI (2013)Increase 0.782[10]
high ·57th
CurrencySaudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneAST(UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD
a.^ Legislation is by king's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists to advise the king.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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