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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
Al-Mamlakah Al-ʾĀrabīyah As-Saʿūdīyah
FlagEmblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
"The Royal Salute"
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[5]
Ethnic groups90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
ReligionSunni Islam(official)[6]
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryIslamicabsolute monarchy
 • KingSalman bin Abdulaziz
 • Crown PrinceMohammad bin Nayef
 • Deputy Crown PrinceMohammad bin Salman
LegislatureNone(Legislation passed by the Council of Ministers)[b]
Establishment
 • Kingdom founded23 September 1932 
Area
 • Total2,149,690[5] km2 (13th)
830,000 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.7
Population
 • 2014 estimate30,770,375[7] (41st)
 • Density14.3/km2 (216th)
37/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$1,683 trillion[8] (14th)
 • Per capita$53,624[8] (12th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$653.219 billion[8] (19th)
 • Per capita$20,812[8] (38th)
HDI (2014)Increase 0.837[9]
very high ·39th
CurrencySaudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneAST(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD
a.^ Legislation is by king's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists to advise the king.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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