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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
Al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Sa'ūdiyah
FlagEmblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
"The Royal Salute"
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[5]
Ethnic groups90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
ReligionIslam(official)[6]
Demonym
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
 - KingSalman bin Abdulaziz
 - Crown PrinceMuhammad bin Nayef
 - Deputy Crown PrinceMohammad bin Salman
LegislatureNone[b]
Establishment
 - Kingdom founded23 September 1932 
Area
 - Total2,149,690[5] km2 (13th)
830,000 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.7
Population
 - 2014 estimate30,770,375[7] (41st)
 - Density12.3/km2 (216th)
31/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$1.668 trillion[8] (14th)
 - Per capita$53,149[8] (12th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$648.971 billion[8] (20th)
 - Per capita$20,677[8] (38th)
HDI (2013)Steady 0.836[9]
very high ·34th
CurrencySaudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneAST(UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD
a.^ Legislation is by king's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists to advise the king.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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