IndexMundi Home
Flag of Romania

Romania

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Romania
România  (Romanian)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Romanian!"

Location of  Romania  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Romania  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bucharest
44°25′N26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Official languagesRomanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Ethnic groups (2011[3])
DemonymRomanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
republic
 • PresidentKlaus Iohannis
 • Prime MinisterDacian Cioloș
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Formation
 • Kingdom of Dacia168 BC 
 • Roman conquest106 
 • Migration Period275-10th century 
 • First Romanian polities10th century-1330 
 • Principality of Wallachia1330 
 • Principality of Moldavia1346 
 • Principality of Transylvania1570 
 • First union under Michael the Brave1600 
 • United Principalitiesa24 January 1859 
 • Independence from
the Ottoman Empire
9 May 1877 / 1878b 
 • Kingdom of Romania14 March 1881 
 • Great Unionc1 December 1918 
Area
 • Total238,391 km2 (83rd)
92,043 sq mi
 • Water (%)3
Population
 • 2015 estimate19,511,000[4] (59th)
 • 2011 census20,121,641[3] (58th)
 • Density84.4/km2 (117th)
218.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$435.454 billion [5] (44th)
 • Per capita$21,916 (59th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$181.944 billion [5] (52nd)
 • Per capita$9,157 (69th)
Gini (2013)Steady 34[6]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.793[7]
high ·52nd
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+40
Patron saintSaint Andrew
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.rod
a.The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
b.Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
c.The union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918.
d.Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums