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Romania
România  (Romanian)
Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Romanian!"

Location of  Romania  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Romania  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bucharest
44°25′N26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Official languagesRomanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Ethnic groups(2011[3])
DemonymRomanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
republic
Klaus Iohannis
Mihai Tudose
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
168 BC
106
275 – 10th century
• First Romanian polities
10th century – 1330
1330
1346
1570
• First union under Michael the Brave
1600
24 January 1859
9 May 1877 / 1878b
14 March 1881
1 December 1918d
Area
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
3
Population
• 2015 estimate
19,511,000[4] (59th)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3] (58th)
• Density
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$470.312 billion [5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$23,957 (61st)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$197.004 billion [5] (49th)
• Per capita
$9,992 (67th)
Gini (2013)Steady 34[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.802[7]
very high · 50th
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+40
Patron saintSaint Andrew
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.roe
  1. The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
  2. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
  3. The union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918.
  4. Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the People's Republic and was changed with the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic government was installed on 20 May 1990 and the new post-communist constitution was adopted on 21 November 1991. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
  5. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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