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Romania
România  (Romanian)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!
(Awaken thee, Romanian!)

Location of  Romania  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Romania  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bucharest
44°25′N26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Official languagesRomanian[1]
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
DemonymRomanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
republic
 - PresidentKlaus Iohannis
 - Prime MinisterGabriel Oprea (interim)
 - President of the SenateCălin Popescu-Tăriceanu
 - President of the Chamber of DeputiesValeriu Zgonea
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Formation
 - Principality of Wallachia1330 
 - Principality of Moldavia1346 
 - Principality of Transylvania1570 
 - United Principalitiesa24 January 1859 
 - Independence from
the Ottoman Empire
1877 / 1878b 
 - Kingdom of Romania14 March 1881 
 - Great Unionc1 December 1918 
 - Proclamation of the Romanian People's Republic30 December 1947 
 - Romanian Revolution16–27 December 1989 
 - Current republic21 November 1991 
 - Accession to the European Union1 January 2007 
Area
 - Total238,391 km2 (83rd)
92,043 sq mi
 - Water (%)3
Population
 - 2014 estimate19,942,642[3] (58th)
 - 2011 census20,121,641[2] (58th)
 - Density84.4/km2 (118th)
218.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$403.579 billion (46th)[4]
 - Per capita$20,355 (61st)[5]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$215.302 billion [6] (51st)
 - Per capita$10,859 [7] (72nd)
Gini (2013)Steady 34[8]
medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.785[9]
high ·54th
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+40
Patron saintSaint Andrew
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.rod
a.The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
b.Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
c.The union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918.
d.Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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