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Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Honduras
National Anthem of Honduras
Capital
and largest city
Tegucigalpa
14°6′N87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups ([1])
Demonym
  • Honduran
  • Catracho
GovernmentConstitutional republic
 - PresidentPorfirio Lobo Sosa
 - Vice PresidentMaría Antonieta de Bográn
 - President of the
National Congress
Juan Orlando Hernández
 - President of the Supreme CourtJorge Rivera Avilés
LegislatureNational Congress
Independence
 - Declaredb from Spain15 September 1821 
 - Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823 
 - Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America5 November 1838 
Area
 - Total112,492 km2 (102nd)
43,278 sq mi
Population
 - 2010 estimate8,249,574 (94th)
 - 2007 census7,529,403
 - Density64/km2 (128th)
166/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
 - Total$35.697 billion[2]
 - Per capita$4,345[2]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
 - Total$17.381 billion[2]
 - Per capita$2,115[2]
Gini (1992–2007)55.3[3]
high
HDI (2010)Increase 0.604[4]
medium ·106th
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneCST(UTC−6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+504
ISO 3166 codeHN
Internet TLD.hn
a.Mixture of European and American Indian.
b.As part of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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