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United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos  (Spanish)
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")

Location of Mexico
Capital
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languagesNone at federal level
Recognized regional languages
National languageSpanish[b]
Religion
DemonymMexican
GovernmentFederalpresidential
constitutional republic[3]
Enrique Peña Nieto
Roberto Gil Zuarth
Jesús Zambrano Grijalva
LegislatureCongress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
September 16, 1810[4]
September 27, 1821
December 28, 1836
October 4, 1824
February 5, 1857
February 5, 1917
Area
• Total
1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi) (13th)
• Water (%)
2.5
Population
• 2015 estimate
119,530,753[5] (11th)
• Density
61/km2 (158.0/sq mi) (142nd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.406 trillion[6] (11th)
• Per capita
$19,480.51[6] (64th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$987.3 billion[6] (16th)
• Per capita
$7,993.17[6] (69th)
Gini (2014)48.2[7]
high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.762[8]
high · 77th
CurrencyPeso (MXN)
Time zoneSeeTime in Mexico(UTC−8 to −5)
• Summer (DST)
varies (UTC−7 to −5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+52
ISO 3166 codeMX
Internet TLD.mx
  1. Article 4.° of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.[9]
  2. ^ Spanish is the de facto official language of the Mexican federal government.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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