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United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")

Capital
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languagesNone at federal level
Recognised regional languages
National languageSpanish[b]
DemonymMexican
GovernmentFederalpresidential
constitutional republic[2]
 • PresidentEnrique Peña Nieto
 • President of the SenateRoberto Gil Zuarth
 • President of the Chamber of DeputiesJesús Zambrano Grijalva
LegislatureCongress
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 • DeclaredSeptember 16, 1810[3] 
 • ConsummatedSeptember 27, 1821 
 • RecognizedDecember 28, 1836 
 • First constitutionOctober 4, 1824 
 • Second constitutionFebruary 5, 1857 
 • Current constitutionFebruary 5, 1917 
Area
 • Total1,972,550 km2 (14th)
761,606 sq mi
 • Water (%)2.5
Population
 • 2015 estimate119,530,753[4] (10th)
 • Density61/km2 (142nd)
157/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$2.224 trillion[5] (11th)
 • Per capita$18,857[5] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$1.283 trillion[5] (15th)
 • Per capita$10,174[5] (65th)
Gini (2012)48.1[6]
high
HDI (2014)Increase 0.756[7]
high ·74th
CurrencyPeso (MXN)
Time zoneSeeTime in Mexico(UTC−8 to −5)
 • Summer (DST)varies (UTC−7 to −5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+52
ISO 3166 codeMX
Internet TLD.mx
a.Article 4.° of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.[8]
b.^ Spanish is the de facto official language of the Mexican federal government.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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