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United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")
Capital
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languagesNone at federal level
Recognised regional languages
National languageSpanish[b]
DemonymMexican
GovernmentFederalpresidential
constitutional republic[2]
 - PresidentEnrique Peña Nieto (PRI) PRI Party (Mexico).svg
 - Secretary of the InteriorMiguel Ángel Osorio Chong (PRI) PRI Party (Mexico).svg
 - President of the SenateMiguel Barbosa Huerta (PRD) PRD Party (Mexico).svg
 - President of the Chamber of DeputiesSilvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) PRD Party (Mexico).svg
 - Supreme Court PresidentJuan Silva Meza
LegislatureCongress
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 - DeclaredSeptember 16, 1810[3] 
 - ConsummatedSeptember 27, 1821 
 - RecognizedDecember 28, 1836 
 - First constitutionOctober 4, 1824 
 - Second constitutionFebruary 5, 1857 
 - Current constitutionFebruary 5, 1917 
Area
 - Total1,972,550 km2 (14th)
761,606 sq mi
 - Water (%)2.5
Population
 - 2015 estimate121,736,809[4] (11th)
 - Density57/km2 (142nd)
142/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$2.224 trillion[5] (11th)
 - Per capita$18,370[5] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$1.232 trillion[5] (13th)
 - Per capita$10,174[5] (65th)
Gini (2010)47.2[6]
high
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.756[7]
high ·71st
CurrencyPeso (MXN)
Time zoneSeeTime in Mexico(UTC−8 to −5)
 - Summer (DST)varies (UTC−7 to −5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+52
ISO 3166 codeMX
Internet TLD.mx
a.Article 4.° of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.[8]
b.^ Spanish is the de facto official language of the Mexican federal government.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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