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Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
FlagState Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[2][3]

National song
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36.8′N77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E / 28.6133; 77.2083
Largest cityMumbai
18°58′30″N72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Official languagesHindi
English[4][5][nb 1]
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[9][10]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
14.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.9% others[11][12]
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
republic[1]
 • PresidentPranab Mukherjee
 • Vice-PresidentMohammad Hamid Ansari
 • Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
 • Chief JusticeT. S. Thakur[13]
 • Speaker of the Lower HouseSumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
 • Upper houseRajya Sabha
 • Lower houseLok Sabha
Independence from United Kingdom
 • Dominion15 August 1947 
 • Republic26 January 1950 
Area
 • Total3,287,263[14] km2[b] (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi
 • Water (%)9.6
Population
 • 2016 estimate1,293,057,000[15] (2nd)
 • 2011 census1,210,854,977[16][17] (2nd)
 • Density389.2/km2 (31st)
1,008.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$8.727 trillion[18] (3rd)
 • Per capita$6,664[18] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$2.384 trillion[18] (7th)
 • Per capita$1,820[18] (141st)
Gini (2009)33.9[19]
medium ·79th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.609[20]
medium ·130th
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneIST(UTC+05:30)
DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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