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Republic of Peru
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: Himno Nacional del Perú  (Spanish)
National Anthem of Peru
National seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languagesa
Ethnic groups (2013[1])
DemonymPeruvian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentOllanta Humala
 - Prime MinisterPedro Cateriano
LegislatureCongress
Independencefrom the Kingdom of Spain
 - Declared28 July 1821 
 - Consolidated9 December 1824 
 - Recognized2 May 1866 
Area
 - Total1,285,216 km2 (20th)
496,225 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.41
Population
 - 2015 estimate31,151,643 (41st)
 - 2007 census28,220,764
 - Density23/km2 (191st)
57/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$403.322 billion[2]
 - Per capita$12,638[2]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$217.607 billion[2]
 - Per capita$6,819[2]
Gini (2012)positive decrease 45.3[3]
medium ·35th
HDI (2014)Steady 0.737[4]
high ·82nd
CurrencyNuevo sol (PEN)
Time zonePET(UTC−5)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
Internet TLD.pe
a.Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they predominate.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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