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Republic of Ecuador
República del Ecuador  (Spanish)
Motto: 
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish)
  • "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin)
  • "God, homeland and freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish)
Hail, Oh Homeland
Location of Ecuador
CapitalQuito
00°9′S78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Largest cityGuayaquil
Official languagesSpanish[1]
Recognized regional languagesKichwa (Quichua), Shuar and others "are in official use for indigenous peoples"[2]
Ethnic groups([3])
DemonymEcuadorian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Lenín Moreno
Jorge Glas
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• Declared
August 10, 1809
• from Spain
May 24, 1822
• from Gran Colombia
May 13, 1830
• Recognized by Spain
February 16, 1840[4]
September 28, 2008
Area
• Total
283,560 km2 (109,480 sq mi)a (75th)
• Water (%)
5
Population
• 2015 estimate
16,144,000[5] (65th)
• 2010 census
14,483,499[6]
• Density
58.95/km2 (152.7/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$194.845 billion[7]
• Per capita
$11,788[7]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$109.759 billion[7] (64th)
• Per capita
$6,640[7]
Gini (2014) 45.4[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.739[9]
high · 89th
CurrencyUnited States dollarb (USD)
Time zoneECT / GALT(UTC−5 / −6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+593
ISO 3166 codeEC
Internet TLD.ec
  1. Including Galápagos.
  2. Sucre until 2000, replaced by the US$ and Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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