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Ecuador Demographics Profile 2013

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Population15,439,429 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 29% (male 2,284,815/female 2,193,648)
15-24 years: 18.7% (male 1,462,025/female 1,427,181)
25-54 years: 38.7% (male 2,908,224/female 3,061,896)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 524,574/female 540,074)
65 years and over: 6.7% (male 496,557/female 540,435) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 47.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.3 %
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 26.3 years
male: 25.7 years
female: 26.9 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.4% (2013 est.)
Birth rate19.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate5.03 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 67% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationGuayaquil 2.634 million; QUITO (capital) 1.622 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.8 (2004 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 21.73 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.15 years
male: 73.2 years
female: 79.25 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.33 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.7% (2004)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS37,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,200 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 89% of population
total: 94% of population
urban: 4% of population
rural: 11% of population
total: 6% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96% of population
rural: 84% of population
total: 92% of population
urban: 4% of population
rural: 16% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Ecuadorian(s)
adjective: Ecuadorian
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 71.9%, Montubio 7.4%, Afroecuadorian 7.2%, Amerindian 7%, white 6.1%, other 0.4% (2010 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 95%, other 5%
Demographic profileEcuador's high poverty and income inequality most affect indigenous, mixed race, and rural populations. The government has increased its social spending to ameliorate these problems, but critics question the efficiency and implementation of its national development plan. Nevertheless, the conditional cash transfer program, which requires participants' children to attend school and have medical check-ups, has helped improve educational attainment and healthcare among poor children. Ecuador is stalled at above replacement level fertility and the population most likely will keep growing rather than stabilize.
An estimated 2 to 3 million Ecuadorians live abroad, but increased unemployment in key receiving countries - Spain, the United States, and Italy - is slowing emigration and increasing the likelihood of returnees to Ecuador. The first large-scale emigration of Ecuadorians occurred between 1980 and 2000, when an economic crisis drove Ecuadorians from southern provinces to New York City, where they had trade contacts. A second, nationwide wave of emigration in the late 1990s was caused by another economic downturn, political instability, and a currency crisis. Spain was the logical destination because of its shared language and the wide availability of low-skilled, informal jobs at a time when increased border surveillance made illegal migration to the US difficult. Ecuador has a small but growing immigrant population and is Latin America's top recipient of refugees; 98% are neighboring Colombians fleeing violence in their country.
LanguagesSpanish (official), indigenous (Quechua, Shuar)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.6%
male: 93.1%
female: 90.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 227,599
percentage: 8 % (2008 est.)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate110 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.2% (2004)
Health expenditures7.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.69 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.4% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013