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People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
FlagNational Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional languages
Official written languageVernacular Chinese
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[2]
Ethnic groups
DemonymChinese
GovernmentSocialistsingle-party state[4]
 - PresidentXi Jinping[d]
 - PremierLi Keqiang
 - Congress ChairmanZhang Dejiang
 - Conference ChairmanYu Zhengsheng
 - President of the Supreme People's CourtZhou Qiang
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
 - First Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty221 BCE 
 - Republic established1 January 1912 
 - People's Republic proclaimed1 October 1949 
Area
 - Total9,596,961 km2[e] (3rd/4th)
3,705,407 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.28%[f]
Population
 - 2013 estimate1,357,380,000[9] (1st)
 - 2010 census1,339,724,852[10] (1st)
 - Density2013 :[11] 145/km2 (83rd)
373/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$18.976 trillion[12] (1st)
 - Per capita$13,801[12] (87th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$11.212 trillion[12] (2nd)
 - Per capita$8,154[12] (75th)
Gini (2012)55.0[13][14]
high
HDI (2013)Increase 0.719[15]
high ·91st
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan)(¥)[g] (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[h]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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