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People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
FlagNational Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional languages
Official written languageVernacular Chinese
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[2]
Ethnic groups
DemonymChinese
GovernmentSingle-partysocialist state
 - PresidentXi Jinping[d]
 - PremierLi Keqiang
 - Congress ChairmanZhang Dejiang
 - Conference ChairmanYu Zhengsheng
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
 - Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty221 BCE 
 - Republic established1 January 1912 
 - People's Republic proclaimed1 October 1949 
Area
 - Total9,706,961 km2[e] (3rd/4th)
3,747,879 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.28%[f]
Population
 - 2012 estimate1,350,695,000[8] (1st)
 - 2010 census1,339,724,852[9] (1st)
 - Density2011 estimate:[10] 144/km2 (83rd)
373/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$13.374 trillion[11] (2nd)
 - Per capita$9,828[11] (92nd)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$8.939 trillion[11] (2nd)
 - Per capita$6,569[11] (87th)
Gini (2012)47.4[12]
high
HDI (2012)Increase 0.699[13]
medium ·101st
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan) (¥) (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[g]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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