IndexMundi Home
Flag of China

China

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Anthem: 

Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official language
and national language
Standard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional
languages[3]
Ethnic groups
Religion52.2% Irreligious
21.9% Folk Religions
18.2% Buddhists
5.1% Christians
1.8% Muslims
<0.1% Hindus
<0.1% Jews
0.7% Other[5]
DemonymChinese
GovernmentUnitaryone-partysocialistrepublic[6]
Xi Jinping[d]
• Premier
Li Keqiang
• First Vice Premier
Zhang Gaoli
Zhang Dejiang
Yu Zhengsheng
• First Secretary of the Secretariat
Liu Yunshan
Wang Qishan
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[e] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8%[f]
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,373,541,278[11] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[12] (1st)
• Density
145[13]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$23.2 trillion[14] (1st)
• Per capita
$16,676[14] (83rd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$11.8 trillion[14] (2nd)
• Per capita
$8,481[14] (72nd)
Gini (2015)46.2[15]
high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.738[16]
high · 90th
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan; ¥)[g] (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[h]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums