IndexMundi Home
Flag of China

China

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
FlagNational Emblem
Anthem: 

Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing[a]
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai[1]
Official languagesStandard Chinese[2][b] (aka Putonghua)
Recognised regional languages
Official written languageVernacular Chinese
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[2]
Ethnic groups
DemonymChinese
GovernmentUnitarysocialistone-party state[4]
 • Party General Secretary and PresidentXi Jinping[d]
 • PremierLi Keqiang
 • Congress ChairmanZhang Dejiang
 • Conference ChairmanYu Zhengsheng
 • First-ranked Secretary of the SecretariatLiu Yunshan
 • Secretary of Discipline Inspection CommissionWang Qishan
 • First Vice PremierZhang Gaoli
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
 • First pre-imperial dynasty of China establishedc. 2070 BC 
 • First unification of imperial China under the Qin dynasty221 BC 
 • Republic established1 January 1912 
 • People's Republic proclaimed1 October 1949 
 • Current constitution4 December 1982 
 • 1992 Consensus3 November 1992 
Area
 • Total9,596,961 km2[e] (3rd/4th)
3,705,407 sq mi
 • Water (%)2.8%[f]
Population
 • 2015 estimate1,376,049,000[9] (1st)
 • 2013 census1,339,724,852[10] (1st)
 • Density145[11]/km2 (83rd)
373/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$20.853 trillion[12] (1st)
 • Per capita$15,095[12] (83rd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$11.383 trillion[12] (2nd)
 • Per capita$8,239[12] (72nd)
Gini (2015)46.2[13]
high
HDI (2014)Increase 0.727[14]
high ·90th
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan; ¥)[g] (CNY)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright[h]
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums