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Argentine Republic[A]
República Argentina  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Sol de Mayo[2]
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383
Official languagesNone
Recognised regional languages ·Guaraní in Corrientes[3]
 ·Qom, Mocoví and Wichi, in Chaco[4]
De facto languagesSpanish[a]
Demonym
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentMauricio Macri
 • Vice PresidentGabriela Michetti
LegislatureCongress
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 • May Revolution25 May 1810 
 • Declared9 July 1816 
 • Constitution1 May 1853 
Area
 • Total2,780,400 km2,[B] considering 1,084,386 km2 (418,684 sq mi) of the Exclusive Economic Zone area of Argentina is 3,939,463 sq km. In this figure the areas claimed are not included.[c] (8th)
1,073,518 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.57
Population
 • 2015 estimate43,417,000[6]
 • 2010 census40,117,096[5] (32nd)
 • Density14.4/km2[5] (212th)
37.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 • Total$971.967 billion[7] (25th)
 • Per capita$22,554[7] (56th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 • Total$585.623 billion[7] (21st)
 • Per capita$13,589[7] (53rd)
Gini (2013) 42.3[8]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.836[9]
very high ·40th
CurrencyPeso ($) (ARS)
Time zoneART(UTC−3)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright[b]
Calling code+54
ISO 3166 codeAR
Internet TLD.ar
a.^ Though not declared official de jure, the Spanish language is the only one used in the wording of laws, decrees, resolutions, official documents and public acts.
b.^ Trains driven on left.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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