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Centered taegeuk on a white rectangle inclusive of four black trigramsCentered taegeuk on a hibiscus syriacus surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon
FlagEmblem
Motto: "홍익인간" (Korean)(de facto)
"Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity"[1]
Anthem: Aegukga"애국가" (Korean)(de facto)
"Patriotic Song"
Government Emblem
Emblem of the Government of the Republic of Korea.svg
대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean)
Government Emblem of South Korea
Projection of Asia with South Korea in green
Area controlled by the Republic of Korea shown in green
Capital
and largest city
Seoul
37°33′N126°58′E / 37.550°N 126.967°E / 37.550; 126.967
Official languagesKorean, Korean Sign Language
Official scriptsHangul
Ethnic groupsno official statistics[2][3]
Demonym
GovernmentUnitarypresidential
constitutional republic
 • PresidentPark Geun-hye
 • Prime MinisterHwang Kyo-ahn
 • Speaker of the National AssemblyChung Sye-kyun
 • Chief JusticeYang Sung-tae
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 • First KingdomBefore 194 BC 
 • Three Kingdoms18 BC 
 • North-South Kingdoms698 
 • Unitary dynasties918 
 • Japan-Korea TreatyAugust 29, 1910 
 • GwangbokjeolAugust 15, 1945 
 • First RepublicAugust 15, 1948 
 • Current constitutionOctober 1987 
Area
 • Total100,210 km2
38,691 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.3 (301 km2 / 116 mi2)
Population
 • 2016 estimate50,801,405[4][5] (27th)
 • Density507/km2 (23rd)
1,313.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.929 trillion[6] (13th)
 • Per capita$37,948[6] (28th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.404 trillion[6] (11th)
 • Per capita$27,633[6] (27th)
Gini (2013)30.2[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.898[8]
very high ·17th
CurrencySouth Korean won (₩)
(KRW)
Time zoneKorea Standard Time(UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy년 m월 d일
  • yyyy. m. d. (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+82
ISO 3166 codeKR
Internet TLD
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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