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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
FlagEmblem
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven (English)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made of Hundreds of Flowers (English)
Capital
and largest city
Kathmandu
27°42′N85°19′E / 27.700°N 85.317°E / 27.700; 85.317
Official languagesNepali
Other languagesNewar, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Rai, Limbu, Maithili, Bhojpuri[1]
Religion81.3% Hindu
9% Buddhist
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christians
0.4% animism
0.5% Irreligion.[2][3]
DemonymNepali
Nepalese
Gorkhalis
GovernmentFederalparliamentary republic
 • PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
 • Vice PresidentNanda Kishor Pun
 • Prime MinisterPushpa Kamal Dahal
 • Speaker of HouseOnsari Gharti Magar
 • Chief JusticeSushila Karki
LegislatureParliament
Unification
 • Kingdom declared25 September 1768[4] 
 • State declared15 January 2007 
 • Republic declared28 May 2008 
Area
 • Total147,181 km2 (95th)
56,827 sq mi
 • Water (%)2.8
Population
 • 2011 census26,494,504[5]
 • Density180/km2 (62nd)
518/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$74.020 billion[6]
 • Per capita$2,573[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$24.067 billion[6]
 • Per capita$837[6]
Gini (2010)32.8[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.548[8]
low ·145th
CurrencyNepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zoneNepal Standard Time(UTC+05:45)
DST not observed
Drives on theleft
Calling code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np
.नेपाल

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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