Flag of Nepal

Nepal Geography Profile 2017

Home > Factbook > Countries > Nepal

LocationSouthern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates28 00 N, 84 00 E
Map referencesAsia
Areatotal: 147,181 sq km
land: 143,351 sq km
water: 3,830 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than New York state
Land boundariestotal: 3,159 km
border countries (2): China 1,389 km, India 1,770 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatevaries from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
TerrainTarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south; central hill region with rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 2,565 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level)
Natural resourcesquartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land useagricultural land: 28.8%
arable land 15.1%; permanent crops 1.2%; permanent pasture 12.5%
forest: 25.4%
other: 45.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land13,320 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is divided nearly equally between a concentration in the southern-most plains of the Tarai region and the central hilly region; overall density is quite low
Natural hazardssevere thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Environment - current issuesdeforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - notelandlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest mountains - on the borders with China and India respectively

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

Geography Comparison