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Nepal Demographics Profile 2014

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Population30,986,975 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.6% (male 4,989,268/female 4,805,381)
15-24 years: 22.6% (male 3,521,421/female 3,484,203)
25-54 years: 35.7% (male 5,273,079/female 5,775,404)
55-64 years: 5.6% (male 847,431/female 886,760)
65 years and over: 4.5% (male 648,917/female 755,111) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64 %
youth dependency ratio: 55.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6 %
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.9 years
male: 22.2 years
female: 23.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.82% (2014 est.)
Birth rate21.07 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.62 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate3.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 17% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.62% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKATHMANDU (capital) 1.015 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 40.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.19 years
male: 65.88 years
female: 68.56 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.3 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate49.7% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS48,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,100 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 90.3% of population
rural: 87.6% of population
total: 88.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.7% of population
rural: 12.4% of population
total: 11.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 51.2% of population
rural: 33.7% of population
total: 36.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48.8% of population
rural: 66.3% of population
total: 63.3% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Nepali (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepali
Ethnic groupsChhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19%
note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census (2011 est.)
ReligionsHindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)
LanguagesNepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.4%
male: 71.1%
female: 46.7% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,467,549
percentage: 34 % (2008 est.)
Education expenditures4.7% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate170 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29.1% (2011)
Health expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density4.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.4% (2008)
Demographics Comparison

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014