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Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska[a]
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of  Poland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Poland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languagesPolish[1]
Regional languagesKashubian[2]
Minority languagesBelarusian, Czech, Lithuanian, German, Slovak, Russian, Ukrainian, Yiddish[2]
Ethnic groups (2011[3])
Demonym
GovernmentParliamentary republic
 • PresidentAndrzej Duda
 • Prime ministerBeata Szydło
LegislatureNational Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseSejm
Formation
 • Christianization[b]14 April 966 
 • Kingdom of Poland18 April 1025 
 • Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth1 July 1569 
 • Partition of Poland24 October 1795 
 • Duchy of Warsaw22 July 1807 
 • Congress Poland9 June 1815 
 • Reconstitution of Poland11 November 1918 
 • Invasion of Poland, World War II1 September 1939 
 • Communist Poland8 April 1945 
 • Republic of Poland13 September 1989 
 • Joined the European Union1 May 2004 
Area
 • Total312,679 km2[a] (69th)
120,696.41 sq mi
 • Water (%)3.07
Population
 • 30 June 2014 estimate38,483,957 [4] (34th)
 • 2011 census38,511,824[5] (34th)
 • Density123/km2 (83rd)
319.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.051 trillion[6] (21st)
 • Per capita$27,654 (45th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$508.857 billion[6] (23rd)
 • Per capita$13,390 (54th)
Gini (2013)Negative increase 32.73[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.843[8]
very high ·36th
CurrencyZłoty (PLN)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl
a.^a The area of Poland, as given by the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi), of which 311,888 km2 (120,421 sq mi) is land and 791 km2 (305 sq mi) is internal water surface area.[9]
b.^b The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation or lack thereof, as one of the most significant events in their country's history, as it was used to unify the tribes in the region.[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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