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Poland Geography Profile 2014

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LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Geographic coordinates52 00 N, 20 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 312,685 sq km
land: 304,255 sq km
water: 8,430 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Mexico
Land boundariestotal: 2,845 km
border countries: Belarus 375 km, Czech Republic 699 km, Germany 447 km, Lithuania 100 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 209 km, Slovakia 517 km, Ukraine 498 km
Coastline440 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Elevation extremeslowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
highest point: Rysy 2,499 m
Natural resourcescoal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Land usearable land: 35.49%
permanent crops: 1.25%
other: 63.26% (2011)
Irrigated land1,157 sq km (2007)
Total renewable water resources61.6 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 11.96 cu km/yr (31%/60%/10%)
per capita: 312.3 cu m/yr (2009)
Natural hazardsflooding
Environment - current issuessituation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-Communist governments; air pollution nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes; pollution levels should continue to decrease as industrial establishments bring their facilities up to EU code, but at substantial cost to business and the government
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
Geography - notehistorically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015