Flag of Poland

Poland Geography Profile 2016

Home > Factbook > Countries > Poland

LocationCentral Europe, east of Germany
Geographic coordinates52 00 N, 20 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 312,685 sq km
land: 304,255 sq km
water: 8,430 sq km
Area - comparativeabout twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico
Land boundariestotal: 3,071 km
border countries (7): Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km
Coastline440 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
Climatetemperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
Terrainmostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 173 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
highest point: Rysy 2,499 m
Natural resourcescoal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 48.2%
arable land 36.2%; permanent crops 1.3%; permanent pasture 10.7%
forest: 30.6%
other: 21.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land970 sq km (2012)
Total renewable water resources61.6 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 11.96 cu km/yr (31%/60%/10%)
per capita: 312.3 cu m/yr (2009)
Natural hazardsflooding
Environment - current issuesdecreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from coal-fired power plants and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
Geography - notehistorically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

Geography Comparison