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Federal Republic of Somalia[1]
Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (so)
جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية (ar)
Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Qolobaa Calankeed
Capital
and largest city
Mogadishu
2°2′N45°21′E / 2.033°N 45.350°E / 2.033; 45.350
Official languages
ReligionIslam
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentary republic
 • PresidentHassan Sheikh Mohamud
 • Prime MinisterOmar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Formation
 • Somali city-statesc. 200 BCE 
 • Sultanate of Mogadishu10th century 
 • Adal Sultanate13th century 
 • Warsangali Sultanate13th century 
 • Ajuran Sultanate13th century 
 • Majeerteen Sultanate17th century 
 • Sultanate of the Geledi17th century 
 • Sultanate of Hobyo19th century 
 • British Somaliland1884 
 • Italian Somaliland1889 
 • Dervish state20th century 
 • Union, Independence and Original Constitution1 July 1960[3] 
Area
 • Total637,657 km2 (42nd)
246,200 sq mi
Population
 • 2014 estimate12,316,895[4] (76th)
 • Density19.31[5]/km2 (199th)
41.73/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
 • Total$5.896 billion[3] (163rd)
 • Per capita$600[3]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
 • Total$3 billion[6]
 • Per capita$284[6]
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+252
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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