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Federal Republic of Somalia[1]
Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (so)
جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية (ar)
Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: Qolobaa Calankeed
Capital
and largest city
Mogadishu
2°2′N45°21′E / 2.033°N 45.350°E / 2.033; 45.350
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
 - PresidentHassan Sheikh Mohamud
 - Prime MinisterOmar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Formation
 - Somali city-statesc. 200 BCE 
 - Sultanate of Mogadishu10th century 
 - Adal Sultanate13th century 
 - Warsangali Sultanate13th century 
 - Ajuran Sultanate13th century 
 - Majeerteen Sultanate17th century 
 - Sultanate of the Geledi17th century 
 - Sultanate of Hobyo19th century 
 - British Somaliland1884 
 - Italian Somaliland1889 
 - Dervish state20th century 
 - Union, Independence and Original Constitution1 July 1960[3] 
Area
 - Total637,657 km2 (44th)
246,200 sq mi
Population
 - 2014 estimate10,428,043[3] (86th)
 - Density16.12[5]/km2 (199th)
41.73/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
 - Total$5.896 billion[3] (163rd)
 - Per capita$600[3]
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+252
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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