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Somalia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population10,817,354
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.42% (male 2,345,536/female 2,351,886)
15-24 years: 18.87% (male 1,031,804/female 1,009,831)
25-54 years: 31.47% (male 1,762,093/female 1,641,699)
55-64 years: 4.02% (male 213,259/female 221,520)
65 years and over: 2.22% (male 92,966/female 146,760) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 98.1%
youth dependency ratio: 92.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
potential support ratio: 17.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.9 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 17.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.92% (2016 est.)
Birth rate40 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOGADISHU (capital) 2.138 million; Hargeysa 760,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.63 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 96.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 105.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 87.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.4 years
male: 50.3 years
female: 54.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.89 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate14.6% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS30,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,000 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 69.6% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 31.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 30.4% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 68.3% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 52% of population
rural: 6.3% of population
total: 23.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 93.7% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2011 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali
Ethnic groupsSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
ReligionsSunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)
LanguagesSomali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,148,265
percentage: 49% (2006 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate732 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight23% (2009)
Physicians density0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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