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Somalia Demographics Profile 2014

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Population10,428,043
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 44% (male 2,293,746/female 2,298,442)
15-24 years: 18.9% (male 995,102/female 970,630)
25-54 years: 31.2% (male 1,681,705/female 1,571,586)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 180,622/female 199,059)
65 years and over: 2.3% (male 92,707/female 144,444) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 99.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 93.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 %
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.7 years
male: 17.9 years
female: 17.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.75% (2014 est.)
Birth rate40.87 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.91 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-9.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 37.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOGADISHU (capital) 1.554 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 100.14 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 108.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 91.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.58 years
male: 49.58 years
female: 53.65 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate6.08 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate14.6% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS31,200 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,500 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 69.6% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 31.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 30.4% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 68.3% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 52% of population
rural: 6.3% of population
total: 23.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 93.7% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2011 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali
Ethnic groupsSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
ReligionsSunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)
LanguagesSomali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,148,265
percentage: 49 % (2006 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.8% (2006)
Physicians density0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014