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Somalia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare
Age structure0-14 years: 44.3% (male 2,270,282/female 2,273,506)
15-24 years: 18.9% (male 978,197/female 955,253)
25-54 years: 31% (male 1,643,803/female 1,538,723)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 165,408/female 188,992)
65 years and over: 2.3% (male 93,434/female 143,970) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 94.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %
potential support ratio: 17.7 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 17.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.67% (2013 est.)
Birth rate41.45 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate14.22 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-10.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 37.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOGADISHU (capital) 1.353 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 101.91 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 110.74 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 92.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.19 years
male: 49.22 years
female: 53.23 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate6.17 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate14.6% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS34,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,600 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 66% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 29% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 71% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 52% of population
rural: 6% of population
total: 23% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 94% of population
total: 77% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali
Ethnic groupsSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
ReligionsSunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)
LanguagesSomali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 3 years
male: 3 years
female: 2 years (2007)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,148,265
percentage: 49 % (2006 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.8% (2006)
Physicians density0.035 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013