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People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية  (Arabic)
Tagduda Tadzayrit Tadimoqṛatit Taɣerfant  (Berber)
FlagEmblem
Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب
By the people and for the people[1][2]
Anthem: Kassaman
(English: "We Pledge")
Location of  Algeria  (dark green)
Location of  Algeria  (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Algiers
36°42′N3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217
Official languages
Other languagesFrench(Business and education)[5]
Ethnic groups
ReligionSunni Islam
DemonymAlgerian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialpeople's republic
 • PresidentAbdelaziz Bouteflika
 • Prime MinisterAbdelmalek Sellal
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseCouncil of the Nation
 • Lower housePeople's National Assembly
Independencefrom France
 • Declared3 July 1962 
 • Recognised5 July 1962 
Area
 • Total2,381,741 km2 (10th)
919,595 sq mi
 • Water (%)negligible
Population
 • 2016 estimate40,400,000[6] (33rd)
 • 2013 census37,900,000[6]
 • Density15.9/km2 (208th)
37.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$599.83 billion [7]
 • Per capita$14,610 [8]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$181.71 billion [9]
 • Per capita$4,425 [10]
Gini (1995)35.3[11]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.736[12]
high ·83rd
CurrencyDinar (DZD)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
Drives on theright[13]
Calling code+213
ISO 3166 codeDZ
Internet TLD.dz
الجزائر.
a.^ The CIA World Factbook states that about 15% of Algerians, a minority, identify as Berber even though many Algerians have Berber origins. The Factbook explains that of the approximately 15% who identify as Berber, most live in the Kabylie region, more closely identify with Berber heritage instead of Arab heritage, and are Muslim.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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