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People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic)
Tagduda Tadzayrit Tugduyant Tagherfant  (Berber)
République algérienne démocratique et populaire  (French)
FlagEmblem
Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب (Arabic)
(English: "By the people and for the people")[1][2]
Anthem: "Kassaman"
(English: "We Pledge")
Location of  Algeria  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Algeria  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Algiers
36°42′N3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.217°E / 36.700; 3.217
Official languagesArabic[3]
Other languages
Ethnic groups
  • 99% Arab-Berber[4][a]
  • 1% European and others[4]
ReligionSunni Islam
DemonymAlgerian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
 - PresidentAbdelaziz Bouteflika
 - Prime MinisterAbdelmalek Sellal
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseCouncil of the Nation
 - Lower housePeople's National Assembly
Independencefrom France
 - Recognized3 July 1962 
 - Declared5 July 1962 
Area
 - Total2,381,741 km2 (10th)
919,595 sq mi
 - Water (%)negligible
Population
 - 2015 estimate39,500,000[5] (33rd)
 - 2013 census37,900,000[5]
 - Density15.9/km2 (208th)
37.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$551.720 billion[6] (33)
 - Per capita$14,256[6]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$227.802 billion[6]
 - Per capita$5,886[6]
Gini (1995)35.3[7]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.717[8]
high ·93rd
CurrencyAlgerian dinar (DZD)
Time zoneCET (UTC+01)
Drives on theright[9]
Calling code+213
ISO 3166 codeDZ
Internet TLD
a.^ The CIA World Factbook states that about 15% of Algerians, a minority, identify as Berber even though many Algerians have Berber origins. The Factbook explains that of the approximately 15% who identify as Berber, most live in the Kabylia region, more closely identify with Berber heritage instead of Arab heritage, and are Muslim.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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