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Republic of Chile
República de Chile  (Spanish)
Motto: 
  • "Por la razón o la fuerza" (Spanish)
  • "By right or might" [1]
map
Chile shown in dark green; claimed but unrecognised Antarctic Territory shown in light green.
Chile shown in dark green; claimed but unrecognised Antarctic Territory shown in light green.
Capital
and largest city
Santiagoa
33°26′S70°40′W / 33.433°S 70.667°W / -33.433; -70.667
National languageSpanish
Ethnic groups(2012[2])
  • 88.9% Mestizo and White
  • 9.1% Mapuche
  • 0.7% Aymara
  • 1% other
  • (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana)
  • 0.3% unspecified
DemonymChilean
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Michelle Bachelet
LegislatureNational Congress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
18 September 1810
• Declared
12 February 1818
• Recognized
25 April 1844
11 September 1980 (amended in 1989 and 2005)
Area
• Total
756,096.3 km2 (291,930.4 sq mi) (38th)
• Water (%)
1.07b
Population
• 2015 estimate
18,006,407[3] (62nd)
• 2012 census
16,341,929[4]
• Density
24/km2 (62.2/sq mi) (194th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$455.941 billion[5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$24,797[5] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$251.220 billion[5] (38th)
• Per capita
$13,663[5] (49th)
Gini (2011) 50.3[6]
high
HDI (2016)Increase 0.847[7]
very high · 38th
CurrencyPeso (CLP)
Time zoneCLT and EASTc(UTC−3 and −5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+56
ISO 3166 codeCL
Internet TLD.cl
  1. Legislature is based in Valparaíso.
  2. Includes Easter Island and Isla Sala y Gómez; does not include 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of territory claimed in Antarctica.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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