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Arab Republic of Egypt
Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
My country, my country, my country
EGY orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Cairo
30°2′N31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Official languagesArabic[a]
National languageEgyptian Arabic
Religion
DemonymEgyptian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
republic
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sherif Ismail
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Establishment
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
[2][3]
[b]
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805[4]
28 February 1922
23 July 1952
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
Area
• Total
1,010,407.87[5] km2 (390,120.66 sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%)
0.632
Population
• 2017 estimate
93,483,000[6] (14th)
• 2006 census
72,798,000[7]
• Density
90/km2 (233.1/sq mi) (118th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.173 trillion[8] (21st)
• Per capita
$12,560[8] (100th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
$330.765 billion[9] (34th)
• Per capita
$3,740[9] (115th)
Gini (2008)30.8[10]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.690[11]
medium · 108th
CurrencyEgyptian pound (EGP)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2[c])
Drives on theright
Calling code+20
ISO 3166 codeEG
Internet TLD
  1. ^Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[12]Egyptian Arabic is the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[13][14] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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