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Egypt Demographics Profile 2013

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Population85,294,388 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.3% (male 14,100,807/female 13,474,763)
15-24 years: 18% (male 7,861,197/female 7,471,045)
25-54 years: 38.3% (male 16,565,411/female 16,072,992)
55-64 years: 6.6% (male 2,801,205/female 2,842,786)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 1,844,456/female 2,259,726) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 58.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 49.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.1 %
potential support ratio: 10.9 (2013)
Median agetotal: 24.8 years
male: 24.5 years
female: 25.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.88% (2013 est.)
Birth rate23.79 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate4.79 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationCAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.387 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 23.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.19 years
male: 70.57 years
female: 75.93 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.9 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.3% (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 5% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsEgyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
ReligionsMuslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 81.7%
female: 65.8% (2012 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 13 years
female: 12 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,066,526
percentage: 7 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate66 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.8% (2008)
Health expenditures4.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.83 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013