Flag of Egypt

Egypt Demographics Profile 2016

Home > Factbook > Countries > Egypt

Population94,666,993 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.21% (male 16,268,862/female 15,169,039)
15-24 years: 19.24% (male 9,371,819/female 8,839,999)
25-54 years: 37.47% (male 18,020,332/female 17,448,871)
55-64 years: 5.91% (male 2,771,399/female 2,826,094)
65 years and over: 4.17% (male 1,937,119/female 2,013,459) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 62.3%
youth dependency ratio: 53.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5%
potential support ratio: 11.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 23.8 years
male: 23.5 years
female: 24.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.51% (2016 est.)
Birth rate30.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationCAIRO (capital) 18.772 million; Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.7
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 19.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 21 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.7 years
male: 71.4 years
female: 74.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.3% (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.02% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,500 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 93.1% of population
total: 94.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 6.9% of population
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsEgyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
ReligionsMuslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.8%
male: 82.2%
female: 65.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate33 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight7% (2014)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.83 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.7% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

Demographics Comparison