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Egypt Demographics Profile 2014

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Population86,895,099 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.1% (male 14,272,494/female 13,639,550)
15-24 years: 17.8% (male 7,913,351/female 7,536,925)
25-54 years: 38.4% (male 16,942,145/female 16,398,524)
55-64 years: 6.7% (male 2,888,193/female 2,973,531)
65 years and over: 5% (male 1,949,145/female 2,381,241) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 58.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 49.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.3 %
potential support ratio: 10.8 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.1 years
male: 24.7 years
female: 25.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.84% (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.35 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.77 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationCAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.494 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 22.41 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 23.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.45 years
male: 70.82 years
female: 76.2 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.87 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.3% (2008)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.8% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.2% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 94.4% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 5.6% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsEgyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
ReligionsMuslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 81.7%
female: 65.8% (2012 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,066,526
percentage: 7 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate66 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.8% (2008)
Health expenditures4.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.83 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014