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Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriyah-yi Pākistān
FlagEmblem
Motto: ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [1]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"
Area controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory shown in light green.
Area controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory shown in light green.
CapitalIslamabad
33°40′N73°10′E / 33.667°N 73.167°E / 33.667; 73.167
Largest cityKarachi
Official languages
Regional languagesPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki, Hindko, Brahui[3][4]
DemonymPakistani
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
 - PresidentMamnoon Hussain (PML-N)
 - Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif (PML-N)
LegislatureMajlis-e-Shoora
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseNational Assembly
Formation
 - Conception of Pakistan29 December 1930 
 - Pakistan Declaration28 January 1933 
 - Pakistan Resolution23 March 1940 
 - Independence14 August 1947 
 - Islamic Republic23 March 1956 
 - Breakup of East and West Pakistan16 December 1971 
 - Current constitution14 August 1973 
Area
 - Total796,095 km2[a] (36th)
307,374 sq mi
 - Water (%)3.1
Population
 - 2012 estimate182,490,721[6] (6th)
 - Density226.6/km2 (55th)
555/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$574.068 billion[7] (26th)
 - Per capita$3,144[7] (139th)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - Total$236.518 billion[7] (45th)
 - Per capita$1,295[7] (147th)
Gini (2008)30.0[8]
medium
HDI (2012)Increase 0.515[9]
low ·146th
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zonePKT(UTC+5)
 - Summer (DST) (UTC+6b)
Drives on theleft[10]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk
a.See also Pakistani English.
b.Not always observed; see Daylight saving time in Pakistan.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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