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Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاكستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriyah-yi Pākistān
FlagEmblem
Motto: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [1]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"[2]
Area controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory shown in light green.
Area controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory shown in light green.
CapitalIslamabad
33°40′N73°10′E / 33.667°N 73.167°E / 33.667; 73.167
Largest cityLogo of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation.pngKarachi
Official languages
Regional languagesPunjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Balochi, Kashmiri, Brahui, Hindko, Shina, Balti, Khowar, BurushaskiYidgha, Dameli, Kalasha, Gawar-Bati, Domaaki[4][5]
ReligionIslam
DemonymPakistani
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
 - PresidentMamnoon Hussain(PML-N)
 - Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif(PML-N)
 - Chief JusticeNasir-ul-Mulk
 - Chairman SenateRaza Rabbani(PPP)
 - Speaker National AssemblyAyaz Sadiq(PML-N)
LegislatureMajlis-e-Shoora
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseNational Assembly
Independence from the British Empire
 - Conception[6]29 December 1930 
 - Declaration28 January 1933 
 - Resolution23 March 1940 
 - Dominion14 August 1947 
 - Islamic Republic23 March 1956 
 - Fall of Dhaka16 December 1971 
Area
 - Total803,940 km2[a] (36th)
310,403 sq mi
 - Water (%)3.1
Population
 - 2015 estimate191,715,847 [8][9] (6th)
 - Density234.4/km2 (55th)
607.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$928.433 billion[10] (26th)
 - Per capita$4,886[10] (136th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$249.477 billion[11] (42nd)
 - Per capita$1,313[11] (153rd)
Gini (2008)30.0[12]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.537[13]
low ·146th
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zonePKT(UTC+5)
 - Summer (DST) (UTC+6b)
Drives on theleft[14]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk
a.See also Pakistani English.
b.Not always observed; see Daylight saving time in Pakistan.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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